Masaharu Nomura

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  • M Nomura
  • 1998
The correct evaluation of the live time of a detection system is found to be important for correcting the counting loss of a multi-element detection system for fluorescent XAFS experiments. Synchronous resetting of preamplifiers and the suspension of electronics during the reset period is an effective method. The dead time of the incoming count rate should(More)
Formation mechanisms of silver (Ag) particles in an aqueous ethanol solution of poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) by the photoreduction of AgClO(4) were investigated by using UV-Vis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), and in situ energy-dispersive X-ray absorption fine structure (in situ DXAFS)(More)
Human hair and blood samples from persons living in the town of Wanshan, a mercury mine area in Guizhou Province of China, were collected and the quantitative speciation and structural information of Hg and S in hair samples and of Hg in erythrocyte and serum samples were studied using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Least-squares fitting of the X-ray(More)
Dynamic structural changes and their kinetics of a Re(10)-cluster catalyst in the direct phenol synthesis from benzene and O(2) were investigated by in situ time-resolved Re L(III)-edge energy-dispersive XAFS (DXAFS). We have successfully monitored the structural transformation of active Re(10) clusters to inactive Re monomers in the course of the selective(More)
X-ray absorption spectroscopy of frozen intact tissues shows that in rats exposed to a range of treatments involving cadmium, alone or in combination with other metal ions, the coordination environment of cadmium is consistent in both the liver and kidney. Comparison of the spectra from the rat tissues to biologically relevant model compounds indicates that(More)
We measured the in situ polarization-dependent X-ray absorption fine structure of platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) deposited on a flat highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) substrate under electrochemical conditions using a back-side illumination method. In this method, the thin HOPG substrate with PtNPs deposited on one side was used as a window for(More)
A direct method for the speciation of Sn compounds in solid environmental samples by X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy (XANES) has been developed. It was found that the method can provide the "organic extent", the average number of organic ligands bound to Sn, for environmental samples. For Sn XANES at the L(III), L(I), and K edges,(More)
The reaction of [Ni2(OH)2(Me2-tpa)2]2+ (1) (Me2-tpa = bis(6-methyl-2-pyridylmethyl)(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) with H2O2 causes oxidation of a methylene group on the Me2-tpa ligand to give an N-dealkylated ligand and oxidation of a methyl group to afford a ligand-based carboxylate and an alkoxide as the final oxidation products. A series of sequential reaction(More)