Masaharu Kamo

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The psaB gene product (PsaB protein), one of the reaction center subunits of Photosystem I (PS I), was specifically degraded by light illumination of spinach thylakoid membranes. The degradation of the protein yielded N-terminal fragments of molecular mass 51 kDa and 45 kDa. The formation of the 51 kDa fragment was i) partially suppressed by the addition of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Remodeling of fibrous and vascular tissues in the periodontal ligament (PDL) around the tooth root was observed during tooth movement by orthodontic force application. We previously demonstrated that a single cell-derived culture (SCDC) of primarily cultured PDL fibroblasts, called SCDC2, has an endothelial progenitor cell (EPC)-like(More)
Microdomains in the plasma membrane (PM) have been proposed to be involved in many important cellular events in plant cells. To understand the role of PM microdomains in plant cold acclimation, we isolated the microdomains as detergent-resistant plasma membrane fractions (DRMs) from Arabidopsis seedlings and compared lipid and protein compositions before(More)
We investigated whether transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 promoted epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and migration of human oral squamous cell carcinoma (hOSCC) cells. Among 6 hOSCC cell lines investigated, Smad2 phosphorylation and TGF-β target genes expression were most clearly upregulated following TGF-β1 stimulation in HSC-4 cells, indicating(More)
The periodontal ligament (PDL) is a fibrous connective tissue located between the tooth root and the alveolar bone. We previously demonstrated that a single cell-derived culture of primarily cultured PDL fibroblasts has the potential to construct an endothelial cell (EC) marker-positive blood vessel-like structure,(More)
The work described in this paper was designed to evaluate the relevance of in vitro skin penetration studies of peptides across rat skin. The apparent penetration of three peptides, enkephalin, elcatonin and insulin, in the presence of enhancers was not seen in the in vitro method using Franz diffusion cells. However, when a protease inhibitor was mixed in(More)
Thymosin alpha1 (Talpha1) is an oligopeptide hormone originally isolated from the thymus gland, and has been reported to have stimulating effects on the differentiation of T cells and NK cells. These immunostimulating properties have been considered to be useful for improving immune disorders associated with various diseases including cancer, AIDS and(More)
Fusobacterium nucleatum produces a large amount of the toxic metabolite hydrogen sulfide in the oral cavity. Here, we report the molecular basis of F. nucleatum H(2)S production, which is associated with two different enzymes: the previously reported Cdl (Fn1220) and the newly identified Lcd (Fn0625). SDS-PAGE analysis with activity staining revealed that(More)
The periodontal ligament (PDL) is a fibrous connective tissue that attaches the tooth to the alveolar bone. We previously demonstrated the ability of PDL fibroblast-like cells to construct an endothelial cell (EC) marker-positive blood vessel-like structure, indicating the potential of fibroblastic lineage cells in PDL tissue as precursors of endothelial(More)
The laccase in the pupal cuticle of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, is thought to accumulate as an inactive precursor that can be activated stage-dependently. In this study we isolated an 81-kDa laccase from cuticular extract of B. mori that was prepared by digestion of the pupal cuticles with α-chymotrypsin. The mass spectrometric analysis of the purified(More)