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In urethane-chloralose anesthetized rats, the role of GABA(B) receptor in the commissural subnucleus of the nucleus tractus solitarii (commNTS) on the carotid chemoreceptor reflex was investigated. Microinjection of a GABA(B) agonist baclofen into the commNTS did not have any effects on arterial blood pressure (BP) or respiration (RP), while it attenuated(More)
Although much is known about the biology of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors, little is known about the role of the VEGF receptors neuropilin (NRP)-1 and NRP-2 in the process of bovine follicle development. The aim of the present study was to examine the hormonal regulation of NRP-1 and NRP-2 mRNAs by real-time PCR in follicles(More)
This study investigated plasma and pituitary concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) and steroid hormones (progesterone: P4, testosterone:T, estradiol-17beta: E2) by enzyme-immunoassay (EIA) in minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) captured during the feeding season (December to March) in the Antarctic Ocean.(More)
A simple and clear means to identify the physiological status of follicles is essential for study of follicular biology. In the present study, we verified a novel classification procedure based on analysis of the follicular population and glucose concentration in follicular fluid (FF) as an alternative method to classify bovine follicles. Paired ovaries(More)
The aims of the present study were to improve in vitro maturation, fertilization and subsequent development of minke whale oocytes. We investigated the effects of different concentrations (0, 10 and 20%) of fetal whale serum (FWS) in maturation medium on nuclear maturation, morphological grade (A or B) of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) obtained from(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are crucial factors in follicular growth and development. Among the BMP ligands, BMP-7 which use ActRII as their type II receptor, strongly bind to ALK-2 as their type I receptor. However, whether their receptors are expressed and the regulatory mechanisms controlling their expression during the process of bovine follicle(More)
Growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9) and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are crucial factors in follicular growth and development. GDF-9 and BMPs initiate signaling by assembling type I (ALK-3, ALK-5 and ALK-6) and type II (BMPRII) receptors. However, the mechanism regulating the expression of these receptors in the process of bovine follicle(More)
Glucose is the main energy substrate in the bovine ovary, and a sufficient supply of it is necessary to sustain the ovarian activity. Glucose cannot permeate the plasma membrane, and its uptake is mediated by a number of glucose transporters (GLUT). In the present study, we investigated the gene expression of GLUT1, 3 and 4 in the bovine follicle and corpus(More)
Insulin and growth hormone (GH) play critical roles in the process of follicular development and maturation. However, the involvement of insulin receptor (IR) and GH receptor (GHR) during follicular development is not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of IR and GHR mRNAs in the granulosa cells (GCs) and theca tissues(More)
Local angiogenesis and angiolysis in the corpus luteum (CL) relate to the luteal function. Recent studies indicate that angiopoietins (ANPT) and their receptors Tie regulate remodeling of microvasculature. We therefore examined 1) the relative changes in the expression of mRNA for ANPT-1, ANPT-2, Tie1 and Tie2 in bovine CL by semi-quantitative reverse(More)