Masafumi Shimada

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Symbiobacterium thermophilum is an uncultivable bacterium isolated from compost that depends on microbial commensalism. The 16S ribosomal DNA-based phylogeny suggests that this bacterium belongs to an unknown taxon in the Gram-positive bacterial cluster. Here, we describe the 3.57 Mb genome sequence of S.thermophilum. The genome consists of 3338(More)
Increasing attention has been paid to the maternally inherited microbes that are capable of manipulating the reproduction of their hosts for their own benefit. Although several studies have revealed that the host genotype can affect the intensity of the manipulation, the underlying genetic basis is poorly understood. Here, we examined the intensity of(More)
Five laboratory populations of Drosophila melanogaster previously selected for over 60 generations for larval resistance to ammonium chloride (NH4Cl), and five populations selected for over 60 generations for larval resistance to urea, were investigated to determine the genetic mechanisms through which such tolerance had evolved. To examine the genetics of(More)
FlhA is the largest integral membrane component of the flagellar type III protein export apparatus of Salmonella and is composed of an N-terminal transmembrane domain (FlhA(TM)) and a C-terminal cytoplasmic domain (FlhA(C)). FlhA(C) is thought to form a platform of the export gate for the soluble components to bind to for efficient delivery of export(More)
The Japanese eight-barbel loach Lefua echigonia, which is a freshwater fish native to Japan, is distributed from the Tohoku to Kinki districts and is divided into six regional populations according to mtDNA analysis. In this study, we investigated L. echigonia collected from several locations in Yamagata Prefecture and neighboring prefectures using mtDNA(More)
For construction of the bacterial flagellum, many of the flagellar proteins are exported into the central channel of the flagellar structure by the flagellar type III protein export apparatus. FlhA and FlhB, which are integral membrane proteins of the export apparatus, form a docking platform for the soluble components of the export apparatus, FliH, FliI,(More)
The axial component proteins of the bacterial flagellum are synthesized in the cytoplasm and then translocated into the central channel of the flagellum by the flagellar type III protein-export apparatus for self-assembly at the distal growing end of the flagellum. FliJ is an essential cytoplasmic component of the export apparatus. In this study, Salmonella(More)
The flagellar axial component proteins are exported to the distal end of the growing flagellum for self-assembly by the flagellar type III export apparatus. FlhA is a key membrane protein of the export apparatus, and its C-terminal cytoplasmic domain (FlhA(C)) is a part of an assembly platform for the three soluble export components, FliH, FliI, and FliJ,(More)
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