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Super-Kamiokande is the world's largest water Cherenkov detector, with net mass 50,000 tons. Earth's atmosphere, and the K2K long-baseline neutrino beam with high efficiency. These data provided crucial information for our current understanding of neutrino oscillations, as well as setting stringent limits on nucleon decay. In this paper, we describe the(More)
Urine acidification is induced by metabolic acidosis which is associated with a high intake of protein-rich diet. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of urine acidification with visceral obesity and the metabolic syndrome. We recruited 1,051 male subjects who underwent health examinations at the Health Care Center in Kinki Central(More)
It is known that glycation among various proteins is increased in diabetic patients compared with non-diabetic subjects. Currently, among these glycated proteins, glycated hemoglobin (HbA(1C)) is used as the gold standard index of glycemic control in clinical practice for diabetes treatment. However, HbA(1C) does not accurately reflect the actual status of(More)
To compare levels of interleukin (IL)-18, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and IL-6 in serum, we studied 151 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with various degrees of nephropathy, as well as 80 healthy volunteers. IL-18, TNF-alpha, and IL-6 in serum were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with the respective mouse monoclonal(More)
Measurements of glycated albumin (GA) as well as glycated haemoglobin (HbA(1C)) have been applied in order to monitor chronic glycemic control in diabetic patients. Since the levels of both glycated proteins are influenced by various factors other than glycemia, cautions are necessary to evaluate such measures in some specific conditions. In this study, we(More)
AIM Previous studies have been inconsistent results about the effects of statins on serum triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels. We therefore investigated the effects of pitavastatin on serum lipid profiles and hsCRP levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS(More)
The main purpose of treating diabetes is to prevent the onset and the progression of diabetic chronic complications. Since the mechanism of onset of chronic complications is still not well understood, the main strategy to achieve this purpose is to bring the plasma glucose level in diabetic patients as close as possible to that in healthy subjects and try(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with hemolytic anemia (HA), glycated hemoglobin (HbA(1C)) presents lower values in relation to glycemia because the lifespan of erythrocytes is shortened, whereas glycated albumin (GA) is not affected. In the present study, we examined the usefulness of GA as an indicator of glycemic control status in patients with HA. METHODS We(More)