Masafumi Kitaoka

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Recent data suggest that the larger parathyroid glands are more resistant to calcitriol therapy than the smaller glands due to more severe reduction of calcitriol receptor number. To control severe secondary hyperparathyroidism resistant to calcitriol pulse therapy in chronic dialysis patients, we introduced repeatable and quantitative ethanol injection(s)(More)
To clarify whether the changes of parathyroid size have any correlations with the long-term prognosis of calcitriol pulse therapy, we examined the time course of serum levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and size of parathyroid glands in 14 chronic dialysis patients during and after the oral calcitriol pulse therapy. In 5 patients without any detectable(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to clarify the distribution of lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer. We also examined the relationship between the primary tumor (T) and the regional node (N) categories of the TNM (primary tumor, regional nodes, metastasis) classification. METHOD Lymph nodes of surgical specimens in 311 consecutive patients with(More)
A study of regional lymph node metastases was performed using the clearing method in 322 patients with carcinoma of the colon and rectum (140 with carcinoma of the colon and 182 with carcinoma of the rectum) who had undergone surgical resection. The mean number of nodes examined per patient was 76.4 and the metastatic rate (patients with metastases divided(More)
The prognostic significance of clinicopathologic factors in colorectal cancer was evaluated in a multivariate analysis. The most important independent factor affecting survival was stage (depth of penetration through the bowel wall and the presence of positive lymph nodes). All other clinicopathologic factors were of less importance than stage in(More)
A more logical approach to the management of the chronic dialysis patient with parathyroid hyperplasia has become possible thanks to recent progress in cellular and molecular analysis of surgically removed parathyroid glands and accumulation of clinical experience. When one or more parathyroid glands progress to the stage of nodular hyperplasia, it is(More)
The first choice for imaging diagnosis of parathyroid gland (PTG) abnormalities is ultrasonography with a high-frequency probe. The patient must be positioned correctly when performing either imaging or percutaneous ethanol injection (PEIT) of the PTG. The enlarged PTGs are examined by ultrasonic tomography using 3D measurements, and it is important to(More)
A multicentre trial of percutaneous calcitriol injection therapy (PCIT) was designed to evaluate its clinical usefulness. During a 12-week period, measurement of intact PTH concentration, and other parameters, and ultrasonography were carried out in conjunction with PCIT in 19 haemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism and enlarged(More)