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Pancreatic cancer continues to be a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide and there is an urgent need to develop novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies to reduce the mortality of patients with this disease. In pancreatic cancer, some tight junction proteins, including claudins, are abnormally regulated and therefore are promising molecular(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) initiates and maintains epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which causes disassembly of tight junctions and loss of epithelial cell polarity. In mature hepatocytes during EMT induced by TGF-beta, changes in the expression of tight junction proteins and the fence function indicated that(More)
Tight junctions of hepatocytes play crucial roles in the barrier to keep bile in bile canaliculi away from the blood circulation, which we call the blood-billiary-barrier (Kojima et al., 2003). Tight junction proteins of hepatocytes are regulated by various cytokines and growth factors via distinct signal transduction pathways. They are also considered to(More)
The tight junction protein claudin-4 is frequently overexpressed in pancreatic cancer, and is also a receptor for Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (CPE). The cytotoxic effects of CPE are thought to be useful as a novel therapeutic tool for pancreatic cancer. However, the responses to CPE via claudin-4 remain unknown in normal human pancreatic duct(More)
In human pancreatic cancer, integral membrane proteins of tight junction claudins are abnormally regulated, making these proteins promising molecular diagnostic and therapeutic targets. However, the regulation of claudin-based tight junctions remains unknown not only in the pancreatic cancer cells but also in normal human pancreatic duct epithelial (HPDE)(More)
Protein kinase Cα (PKCα) is highly expressed in pancreatic cancer. However, the effects of PKCα on Snail and claudin-1, which play crucial roles in epithelial cell polarity during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of regulation of Snail and claudin-1 via a PKCα signal pathway during EMT in(More)
Recently, bacterial infection causing periodontal disease has attracted considerable attention as a risk factor for pancreatic cancer. Fusobacterium species is an oral bacterial group of the human microbiome. Some evidence suggests that Fusobacterium species promote colorectal cancer development; however, no previous studies have reported the association(More)
Since claudin-18 (Cldn18) is overexpressed in precursor lesion PanIN and pancreatic duct carcinoma, it serves as a diagnostic marker and a target of immunotherapy. The stomach isoform of Cldn18, Cldn18a2 is regulated via a PKC/MAPK/AP-1-dependent pathway in PKC activator 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA)-stimulated gastric cancer cells. However,(More)
In rodent livers, integral tight junction (TJ) proteins claudin-1, -2, -3, -5 and -14 are detected and play crucial roles in the barrier to keep bile in bile canaculi away from the blood circulation. Claudin-2 shows a lobular gradient increasing from periportal to pericentral hepatocytes, whereas claudin-1 and -3 are expressed in the whole liver lobule.(More)
OBJECTIVE A prospective consecutive study was planned to evaluate the postpancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) oral intake tolerance. The occurrence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE), as defined by the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS), and the amount of dietary intake were analyzed. The risk factors for low oral intake tolerance were(More)