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We report a case of ependymoma with unusual vacuolar features arising in the left occipital lobe of a 2-year-old child. The tumor was composed of cells with single or multiple cytoplasmic vacuoles and clear cells. Some cells showed a signet ring-like configuration. Clear cells were compactly arranged and showed an oligodendro-glioma-like appearance. In(More)
1. During the course of stereotaxic thalamotomy for 56 cases with tremor mainly due to Parkinson's disease and essential tremor, extracellular recordings were made from the thalamic ventralis intermedius (Vim) nucleus under local anesthesia. These procedures have been justified as an essential technique to achieve the best therapeutic results by a selective(More)
PURPOSE To determine factors associated with survival differences in patients treated with radiosurgery for glioma. METHODS AND MATERIALS We analyzed 189 patients treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery for primary or recurrent glioma World Health Organization (WHO) Grades 1-4. RESULTS CONCLUSION The median minimum tumor dose was 16 Gy (8-30 Gy) and(More)
The feasibility of high-frequency transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) through screw electrodes placed in the skull was investigated for use in intraoperative monitoring of the motor pathways in patients who are in a state of general anesthesia during cerebral and spinal operations. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were elicited by TES with a train of(More)
We are reporting an unusual case of a giant serpentine aneurysm of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA). We were unable to find a report in the literature of a similar aneurysm. The microsurgical pterional approach was used for temporary clipping of the P-2 segment of the PCA, and the aneurysm was trapped successfully and excised. The discussion includes the(More)
Combining the frameless isocentric stereotactic system (NEURO-SAT) and intraoperative microrecording, we performed stereotactic biopsies of deep-seated brain tumors in two cases. Case 1 was a 58-year-old male suffering from a right thalamus to basal ganglia tumor and case 2 was a 29-year-old male suffering from brain stem tumor. In both cases, the border(More)
In 13 patients with central (thalamic) pain after stroke, CT, MRI, PET scan and intraoperative thalamic microrecordings were performed. Electrophysiological studies showed that irregular burst discharges were often encountered in the posterolateral thalamus. The more often the irregular burst discharges were encountered, the greater the decrease of sensory(More)
The authors report the results of a long-term follow-up study of the effects of the physiologically defined selective VIM (nucleus ventralis intermedius)-thalamotomy on tremor of Parkinson's disease in 27 patients and essential tremor in 16 patients. The follow-up period ranged from 3.25 to 10 years (mean 6.58 years). In 43 patients a total of 50 operations(More)
In nine patients with central (thalamic) pain after stroke, X-CT, MRI, PET scan and intraoperative thalamic microrecordings were performed. The PET studies made use of Sokoloff's method with 18FDG and a steady-state method with C15O2-15O2. CT scan and MRI revealed definite thalamic damage (Th) in 3 cases, putaminal damage (Put) in 3 cases, combined damage(More)
The thalamic zone mediating the rhythmic burst activity related to the contralateral tremor was studied by microelectrodes in clinical cases with tremor and in monkeys with experimental tremor. The rhythmic burst time-locked with the tremor was found in a restricted area of the ventrointermedius nucleus (Vim) in humans and also in VPLo nucleus in monkeys.(More)