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1. During the course of stereotaxic thalamotomy for 56 cases with tremor mainly due to Parkinson's disease and essential tremor, extracellular recordings were made from the thalamic ventralis intermedius (Vim) nucleus under local anesthesia. These procedures have been justified as an essential technique to achieve the best therapeutic results by a selective(More)
We report a case of ependymoma with unusual vacuolar features arising in the left occipital lobe of a 2-year-old child. The tumor was composed of cells with single or multiple cytoplasmic vacuoles and clear cells. Some cells showed a signet ring-like configuration. Clear cells were compactly arranged and showed an oligodendro-glioma-like appearance. In(More)
The feasibility of high-frequency transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) through screw electrodes placed in the skull was investigated for use in intraoperative monitoring of the motor pathways in patients who are in a state of general anesthesia during cerebral and spinal operations. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were elicited by TES with a train of(More)
We are reporting an unusual case of a giant serpentine aneurysm of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA). We were unable to find a report in the literature of a similar aneurysm. The microsurgical pterional approach was used for temporary clipping of the P-2 segment of the PCA, and the aneurysm was trapped successfully and excised. The discussion includes the(More)
In nine patients with central (thalamic) pain after stroke, X-CT, MRI, PET scan and intraoperative thalamic microrecordings were performed. The PET studies made use of Sokoloff's method with 18FDG and a steady-state method with C15O2-15O2. CT scan and MRI revealed definite thalamic damage (Th) in 3 cases, putaminal damage (Put) in 3 cases, combined damage(More)
The authors report the results of a long-term follow-up study of the effects of the physiologically defined selective VIM (nucleus ventralis intermedius)-thalamotomy on tremor of Parkinson's disease in 27 patients and essential tremor in 16 patients. The follow-up period ranged from 3.25 to 10 years (mean 6.58 years). In 43 patients a total of 50 operations(More)
The neural mechanisms underlying spontaneous tremor were investigated in monkeys. Tremor-producing ventromedial tegmental (VMT) lesions involve at least three major neural elements. (1) Parvocellular division of the red nucleus (RNpc); (2) cerebellothalamic fibers passing through the red nucleus, and, (3) nigrostriatal fibers. These three elements were(More)
The thalamic zone mediating the rhythmic burst activity related to the contralateral tremor was studied by microelectrodes in clinical cases with tremor and in monkeys with experimental tremor. The rhythmic burst time-locked with the tremor was found in a restricted area of the ventrointermedius nucleus (Vim) in humans and also in VPLo nucleus in monkeys.(More)
Thirteen patients with tremor after stroke were treated by stereotactic thalamotomy. Prior to making therapeutic lesions, microrecordings were tried and the findings were compared with our own results obtained in Parkinson's disease. Several characteristic features were revealed in terms of changes in electrical activity in and around the thalamic Vim(More)
21 younger patients (less than 10 years of age) with brain tumours, treated by conventional irradiation, were followed 5 to 20 years (mean 12), using CT scan and/or MR imaging, in order to evaluate adverse effects on the developing brain. Pathological changes such as brain atrophy, lesions in the white matter, calcifications in the brain, and angiopathy(More)