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Prostaglandin (PG) D(2), the most abundant PG in the central nervous system (CNS), is a bioactive lipid having various central actions including sleep induction, hypothermia and modulation of the pain response. We found that centrally administered PGD(2) stimulates food intake via the DP(1) among the two receptor subtypes for PGD(2) in mice. Hypothalamic(More)
Charcot first described amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in 1869; however, its causes remain largely unknown and effective, long-term treatment strategies are not available. The first mouse model of ALS was developed after the identification of mutations in the superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene in 1993, and accordingly most of our knowledge of the(More)
Four new inhibitory peptides for angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE), that is, MRWRD, MRW, LRIPVA, and IAYKPAG, were isolated from the pepsin-pancreatin digest of spinach Rubisco with the use of HPLC. IC(50) values of individual peptides were 2.1, 0.6, 0.38, and 4.2 microM, respectively. MRW and MRWRD had an antihypertensive effect after oral(More)
Prostaglandin (PG) E2, a bioactive lipid produced in the brains of various mammals, decreases food intake after central administration. We examined which of four distinct subtypes of PGE2 receptors (EP1-EP4) mediated the anorexigenic action of PGE2 using highly selective ligands. PGE2 at a dose of 0.1-10 nmol/mouse decreased food intake after(More)
Runx1-deficient mice die around embryonic day 11.5 due to impaired hematopoiesis. This early death prevents the analysis of the role of Runx1 in the development of sensory ganglia. To overcome the early embryonic lethality, we adopted a new approach to utilize transgenic Runx1-deficient mice in which hematopoietic cells are selectively rescued by Runx1(More)
Novokinin (Arg-Pro-Leu-Lys-Pro-Trp, RPLKPW) is a new potent antihypertensive peptide based on the sequence of ovokinin (2-7) derived from ovalbumin. We previously generated transgenic rice seeds in which eight novokinin were fused to storage protein glutelins (GluA2 and GluC) for expression. Oral administration of these seeds to spontaneously hypertensive(More)
Pathological events are well characterized in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) mouse models, but review of the literature fails to identify a specific initiating event that precipitates disease pathology. There is now growing consensus in the field that axon and synapses are first cellular sites of degeneration, but controversy exists over whether axon(More)
We found that enterostatin (VPDPR), an anorexigenic peptide for a high-fat diet, significantly reduces serum cholesterol levels after oral administration of 100 mg/kg for 3 days in mice fed a high cholesterol-cholic acid diet. DPR, a peptide fragment of VPDPR, also had hypocholesterolemic activity at a dose of 50 mg/kg. Food intake was not suppressed under(More)
RPLKPW is a potent anti-hypertensive peptide designed according to the structure of ovokinin(2-7) (RADHPF). In this study, we generated transgenic rice plants that accumulate the RPLKPW peptide as a fusion protein with the rice storage protein glutelin. The engineered peptide is expressed under the control of endosperm-specific glutelin promoters and(More)
Rubiscolin-6 (Tyr-Pro-Leu-Asp-Leu-Phe) is a delta opioid peptide derived from the large subunit of spinach d-ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco). We previously reported that rubiscolin-6 had an analgesic effect and stimulated memory consolidation. Here we show that intraperitoneally (i.p.) or orally administered rubiscolin-6 has an(More)