Masaaki Tatsuka

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Elongation factor-1 alpha (EF-1 alpha), an essential component of the eukaryotic translational apparatus, is a GTP-binding protein that catalyses the binding of aminoacyl-transfer RNAs to the ribosome. Expression of the EF-1 alpha gene decreases towards the end of the lifespans of mouse and human fibroblasts, but forced expression of EF-1 alpha prolongs the(More)
Loss of chromosomal integrity as well as genomic stability is considered to act as a driving force during the processes of tumorigenesis and tumor progression (1–3). Recently, two kinase genes involved in mitosis, the genes for aurora and IPL1-like midbody-associated protein kinase-1 (4,5) [AIM-1, registered in UniGene and also known as aurora1 (6) and ARK2(More)
Exposure to ultraviolet light arrests the function of mammalian fibroblasts in the G1 phase of the cell cycle, as well as the S and G2 phases. Although p21, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) that is induced by DNA damage may partly account for the arrest in G1 (ref. 1), the mechanism is little understood. Here we show that tyrosine(More)
BACKGROUND The serine/threonine kinase Aurora-A (Aur-A) is a proto-oncoprotein overexpressed in a wide range of human cancers. Overexpression of Aur-A is thought to be caused by gene amplification or mRNA overexpression. However, recent evidence revealed that the discrepancies between amplification of Aur-A and overexpression rates of Aur-A mRNA were(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired regulation of Aurora-B/AIM-1 expression in human cells causes chromosomal abnormality and instability, and recent observations of high expression but not mutation of Aurora-B/AIM-1 in human cancers imply that Aurora-B/AIM-1 might be a candidate molecule for cancer progression. We analyzed the effects of modification of Aurora-B/AIM-1(More)
During the late phase of megakaryopoiesis, megakaryocytes undergo polyploidization, which is characterized by DNA duplication without concomitant cell division. However, it remains unknown by which mechanisms this process occurs. AIM-1 and STK15 belong to the Aurora/increase-in-ploidy (Ipl)1 serine/threonine kinase family and play key roles in mitosis. In a(More)
Aurora-B is a protein kinase required for chromosome segregation and the progression of cytokinesis during the cell cycle. We report here that Aurora-B phosphorylates GFAP and desmin in vitro, and this phosphorylation leads to a reduction in filament forming ability. The sites phosphorylated by Aurora-B; Thr-7/Ser-13/Ser-38 of GFAP, and Thr-16 of desmin are(More)
Survivin is a component of the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC) that is essential for accurate chromosome segregation. Interfering with the function of Survivin in mitosis leads to chromosome segregation errors and defective cytokinesis. Survivin contains a Baculovirus IAP Repeat (BIR) and therefore was originally classified as inhibitor of apopotosis(More)
Giant cell glioblastoma (gcGB), a subtype of GB, is characterized by the presence of numerous multinucleated giant cells. The prognosis for gcGB is poor, but it may have a better clinical outcome compared with classic GB. The molecular alterations that lead to the multinucleated cell phenotype of gcGB have not been elucidated. Giant cell GB has a higher(More)
Nonessential tRNA modifications by methyltransferases are evolutionarily conserved and have been reported to stabilize mature tRNA molecules and prevent rapid tRNA decay (RTD). The tRNA modifying enzymes, NSUN2 and METTL1, are mammalian orthologs of yeast Trm4 and Trm8, which are required for protecting tRNA against RTD. A simultaneous overexpression of(More)