Masaaki Odomi

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Two patients with long-term corticosteroid administration sporadically developed limb muscle wasting followed by ophthalmoplegia, and the skeletal muscle pathology revealed ragged-red fibers (RRFs) with abnormal mitochondria, in addition to the findings of corticosteroid myopathy. The oculoskeletal symptoms of the present cases resemble those of chronic(More)
1. Cilostazol (OPC-13013) undergoes extensive hepatic metabolism. The hydroxylation of the quinone moiety of cilostazol to OPC-13326 was the predominant route in all the liver preparations studies. The hydroxylation of the hexane moiety to OPC-13217 was the second most predominant route in vitro. 2. Ketoconazole (1 microM) was the most potent inhibitor of(More)
The pharmacokinetics of cilostazol was investigated after oral and intravenous administration in both male and female rats. After oral administration, area under serum concentration-time curve (AUC) was about 35-fold higher in female rats than in male rats, and absolute bioavailability was about 5.8-fold higher in female rats than in male rats. Total body(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of particle size on the dissolution and oral absorption of cilostazol. Three types of suspensions having different particle size distributions were prepared of the hammer-milled, the jet-milled cilostazol crystals and the NanoCrystal spray-dried powder of cilostazol. In vitro dissolution rate(More)
Corticosteroid myopathy is a major clinical problem in patients undergoing chronic corticosteroid treatment and shows insidious and progressive muscle atrophy in proximal limbs. Although several mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of muscle injury have been postulated, precise pathogenesis is still not clear. We evaluated the mitochondrial functions(More)
Objective: The present study was conducted to identify in vitro the cytochrome P450(CYP) isoform involved in the metabolic conversion of reduced haloperidol to haloperidol using microsomes derived from human AHH-1 TK +/− cells expressing human cytochrome P450s. The inhibitory and/or stimulatory effects of reduced haloperidol or haloperidol on(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate oral bioavailability of an immediate release tablet containing wet-milled crystals of a poorly water-soluble drug, cilostazol, and to establish in vitro-in vivo correlation. Sub-micron sized cilostazol (median diameter: 0.26 microm) was successfully prepared using a beads-mill in water in the presence of a(More)
Objectives: To determine human cytochrome P450 isoform(s) (CYPs) involved in the metabolism of carteolol, the biotransformation of the compound was investigated in vitro using ten isoforms of human cytochrome P450 expressed in human AHH-1 TK ± cell lines. In addition, the inhibitory effects of carteolol on the activities of important CYP isoforms, namely,(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the intestinal absorption of low-permeability drugs could be improved by utilization of the intestinal influx transporter PEPT1. We investigated whether peptide derivatives of poorly absorbable nonamino acid-like drugs might be substrates of PEPT1, using rebamipide (Reb) as a model drug. We synthesized(More)
Effects of chitosan oligomers on pulmonary absorption of interferon-alpha (IFN) were examined by means of an in vivo pulmonary absorption experiment. Chitosan oligomers used in this study were chitosan dimer, tetramer, hexamer, and water-soluble (WS) chitosan. A significant increase in serum IFN concentrations was observed after intratracheal administration(More)