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Evidence was obtained about the mechanism responsible for platelet integrin alpha(2)beta activation by determining effects of various inhibitors on soluble collagen binding, a parameter to assess integrin alpha(2)beta(1) activation, in stimulated platelets. Agonists that can also activate platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa are able to activate integrin(More)
The vasorelaxant effects by endothelin-1 (ET-1) and endothelin-3 (ET-3), and their mechanisms of action were studied in isolated porcine pulmonary arterial strips. ET-1 and ET-3 dose-dependently (10(-9) - 10(-8) M) relaxed vascular strips precontracted with norepinephrine only in the presence of endothelium. The maximal vasorelaxant effect by ET-1 was about(More)
To examine the relationship between glycoprotein Ib and other proteins in the platelet membrane and the interaction of this protein with thrombin, platelets were crosslinked by two cleavable reagents, SADP (N-succinimidyl(4-azidophenyldithio)propionate) and DTSSP (3,3'-dithiobis(sulfosuccinimidyl propionate]. Two-dimensional, unreduced-reduced sodium(More)
Molecular level studies on platelets deficient in collagen-induced aggregation provide evidence for identifying possible platelet collagen receptors. We investigated platelets from a patient with mild bleeding time prolongation, but otherwise normal coagulation data. Her platelets lacked collagen-induced aggregation and adhesion, but retained normal(More)
Glycoprotein (GP) VI is a platelet membrane protein with a molecular weight of 62 kDa that was identified as a physiological collagen receptor from studies of patients deficient in this protein. GPVI-deficient platelets lacked specifically collagen-induced aggregation and the ability to form thrombi on a collagen surface under flow conditions, suggesting(More)
Platelet glycoprotein VI (GPVI), a 62kD membrane protein, has been identified as one of the platelet receptors for collagen, since GPVI-deficient platelets exhibit abnormal responses to collagen and an abnormal bleeding tendency. We report a female patient with a mild bleeding history whose platelets expressed 10% GPVI of normal platelets. Shape change,(More)
Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is a platelet-specific glycoprotein that has been indicated to react with collagen and activate platelets. Its structure was recently identified by cDNA cloning (Clemetson, J. M., Polgar, J., Magnenat, E., Wells, T. N., and Clemetson, K. J. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 29019-29024). However, the mechanism of the interaction between(More)
Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is an essential platelet collagen receptor; therefore, the inhibition of GPVI-collagen interactions may be an attractive antithrombotic strategy. We have previously shown that targeting of GPVI with antibodies leads to the depletion of the receptor and to long-term antithrombotic protection in mice. An alternative agent to interfere(More)
The extracellular matrix protein, laminin, supports platelet adhesion through binding to integrin alpha6beta1 In the present study, we demonstrate that human laminin, purified from placenta, also stimulates formation of filopodia and lamellipodia in human and mouse platelets through a pathway that is dependent on alpha6beta1 and the collagen receptor GPVI.(More)
A new human leukemia cell line with megakaryocytic features, designated UT-7, was established from the bone marrow of a patient with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia. Surface marker analysis revealed that the majority of the cells reacted with monoclonal antibodies against platelet glycoprotein Ib (CD42b), glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (CD41a), MY 7 (CD13), MY 9(More)