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A hyperthermophilic archaeal strain, KOD1, isolated from a solfatara on Kodakara Island, Japan, has previously been reported as Pyrococcus sp. KOD1. However, a detailed phylogenetic tree, made possible by the recent accumulation of 16S rRNA sequences of various species in the order Thermococcales, indicated that strain KOD1 is a member of the genus(More)
A biosurfactant-producing strain, Bacillus licheniformis F2.2, was isolated from a fermented food in Thailand. The strain was capable of producing a new biosurfactant, BL1193, as well as two kinds of popular lipopeptide biosurfactants, plipastatin and surfactin. Mass spectrometry and FT-IR analysis indicated that BL1193 had a molecular mass of 1,193 Da with(More)
Arthrofactin is a potent cyclic lipopeptide-type biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas sp. MIS38. In this work, an arthrofactin synthetase gene cluster (arf) spanning 38.7 kb was cloned and characterized. Three genes termed arfA, arfB, and arfC encode ArfA, ArfB, and ArfC, containing two, four, and five functional modules, respectively. Each module bears(More)
Lipopeptide biosurfactants (LPBSs) consist of a hydrophobic fatty acid portion linked to a hydrophilic peptide chain in the molecule. With their complex and diverse structures, LPBSs exhibit various biological activities including surface activity as well as anti-cellular and anti-enzymatic activities. LPBSs are also involved in multi-cellular behaviors(More)
 A gene encoding a RecA/RAD51 homologue from a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus sp. KOD1 (Pk), was cloned, sequenced and expressed in Escherichia coli. The deduced 210-amino acid sequence was compared to homologues from bacteria (RecA), eukaryotes (RAD51, DMC1) and archaea (RadA). The entire protein from Pk (Pk-REC) basically corresponds to the(More)
During germination of cereal seeds, aleurone cells respond to gibberellins (GA) by synthesizing and secreting hydrolytic enzymes that mobilize the reserved nutrients. It has been shown that products of early GA response genes, like a transcription factor GAMyb, act as key molecules leading to this regulation. Pivotal roles of GAMyb on expression of(More)
Biofilms are densely packed multicellular communities of microorganisms attached to a surface or interface. Bacteria seem to initiate biofilm formation in response to specific environmental cues, such as nutrient and oxygen availability. Biofilms undergo dynamic changes during their transition from free-living organisms to sessile biofilm cells, including(More)
Twenty-three halotolerant and biosurfactant producing strains were collected from salty conditions in central Thailand. One of the strains designated BBK-1 produced the biosurfactants with the highest activity. BBK-1 was isolated from fermented foods and was identified as B. subtilis based on its physiological characteristics and 16S rRNA gene sequence. We(More)
Intracellular concentrations of phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) and five kinds of allosteric effectors (acetyl-CoA, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, GTP, L-aspartate, and L-malate) of PEP carboxylase were measured in E. coli cells grown on various compounds as a carbon source. Based on the data obtained, reaction systems which contained a definite concentration of the(More)
Biosurfactant production by Pichia anomala PY1, a thermotorelant strain isolated from fermented food, was examined as grown in media containing various carbon and nitrogen sources. The optimal conditions for biosurfactant production included 4% soybean oil as carbon source at pH 5.5 at 30 degrees C for 7 d. Under these conditions, the surface tension of the(More)