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Lipopeptide biosurfactants (LPBSs) consist of a hydrophobic fatty acid portion linked to a hydrophilic peptide chain in the molecule. With their complex and diverse structures, LPBSs exhibit various biological activities including surface activity as well as anti-cellular and anti-enzymatic activities. LPBSs are also involved in multi-cellular behaviors(More)
BACKGROUND Initial step of beta-oxidation is catalyzed by acyl-CoA dehydrogenase in prokaryotes and mitochondria, while acyl-CoA oxidase primarily functions in the peroxisomes of eukaryotes. Oxidase reaction accompanies emission of toxic by-product reactive oxygen molecules including superoxide anion, and superoxide dismutase and catalase activities are(More)
An extremely thermophilic bacterium, Geobacillus thermoleovorans B23, is capable of degrading a broad range of alkanes (with carbon chain lengths ranging between C11 and C32) at 70 °C. Whole-genome sequence analysis revealed that unlike most alkane-degrading bacteria, strain B23 does not possess an alkB-type alkane monooxygenase gene. Instead, it possesses(More)
TATA-binding protein (TBP)-interacting protein from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis strain KOD1 (Tk-TIP26) is a possible transcription regulatory protein in Thermococcales. Here, we report the crystal structure of Tk-TIP26 determined at 2.3 A resolution with multiple-wavelength anomalous dispersion (MAD) method. The overall(More)
The WNT family activates an oncogenic signaling mediated through beta-catenin and is up-regulated in a variety of malignant neoplasms. The signaling translocates beta-catenin into the nucleus and stimulates carcinoma cells in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, WNT expression and signaling in oral carcinomas have not been examined. The(More)
The X-ray crystal structure of RadB from Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1, an archaeal homologue of the RecA/Rad51 family proteins, have been determined in two crystal forms. The structure represents the core ATPase domain of the RecA/Rad51 proteins. Two independent molecules in the type 1 crystal were roughly related by 7-fold screw symmetry whereas(More)
Equilibrium and kinetic studies were carried out under denaturation conditions to clarify the energetic features of the high stability of a monomeric protein, ribonuclease HII, from a hyperthermophile, Thermococcus kodakaraensis (Tk-RNase HII). Guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl)-induced unfolding and refolding were measured with circular dichroism at 220 nm,(More)
Rhodococcus sp. TMP2 is an alkane-degrading strain that can grow with a branched alkane as a sole carbon source. TMP2 degrades considerable amounts of pristane at 20 degrees C but not at 30 degrees C. In order to gain insights into microbial alkane degradation, we characterized one of the key enzymes for alkane degradation. TMP2 contains at least five genes(More)
A thermotolerant ammonia-oxidizing bacterium strain JPCCT2 was isolated from activated sludge in a thermal power station. Cells of JPCCT2 are short non-motile rods or ellipsoidal. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences demonstrated that JPCCT2 belongs to the genus Nitrosomonas with the highest similarity to Nitrosomonas nitrosa Nm90(More)