Learn More
Tributyltin (TBT) is known to cause developmental defects as endocrine disruptive chemicals (EDCs). At nanomoler concentrations, TBT actions were mediated by genomic pathways via PPAR/RXR. However, non-genomic target of TBT has not been elucidated. To investigate non-genomic TBT targets, we performed comprehensive metabolomic analyses using human embryonic(More)
VIP36 functions as a transport lectin for trafficking certain high mannose type glycoproteins in the secretory pathway. Here we report the crystal structure of VIP36 exoplasmic/luminal domain comprising a carbohydrate recognition domain and a stalk domain. The structures of VIP36 in complex with Ca(2+) and mannosyl ligands are also described. The(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of neurodegenerative dementia among elderly patients. A biomarker for the disease could make diagnosis easier and more accurate, and accelerate drug discovery. In this study, NMR-based metabolomics analysis in conjunction with multivariate statistics was applied to examine changes in urinary metabolites in(More)
Manipulation of protein stability with small molecules has a great potential for both basic research and clinical therapy. Recently, we have developed a series of hybrid small molecules named SNIPER (Specific and Non-genetic IAP-dependent Protein ERaser) that induces degradation of target proteins via ubiquitin-proteasome system. Here we report the(More)
Using the larvae of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, we examined the baculovirus expression vector system for the expression of the enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) gene under the control of several gene promoters in vivo. To investigate the gene-delivery efficiency of the baculovirus into various larval tissues, we constructed two recombinant(More)
All lepidopteran baculovirus genomes sequenced to date encode a homolog of the Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) orf68 gene, suggesting that it performs an important role in the virus life cycle. In this article we describe the characterization of BmNPV orf68 gene. Northern and Western analyses demonstrated that orf68 gene was expressed as a late(More)
The BRO proteins of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) display a biphasic pattern of intracellular localization during infection. At early times, they reside in the nucleus but then show both cytoplasmic and nuclear localization as the infection proceeds. Therefore, we examined the possibility of nuclear export. Using inhibitors, we reveal that BmNPV(More)
Guided by the proposed catalytic mechanism of histone deacetylases (HDACs), we designed and synthesized a series of boronic acid-based HDAC inhibitors bearing an alpha-amino acid moiety. In this series, compounds (S)-18, 20, and 21 showed potent HDAC-inhibitory activity, highlighting the significance of the (S)-amino acid moiety. In cancer cell growth(More)
To investigate the role of the heme axial ligand in the conformational stability of c-type cytochrome, we constructed M58C and M58H mutants of the red alga Porphyra yezoensis cytochrome c(6) in which the sixth heme iron ligand (Met58) was replaced with Cys and His residues, respectively. The Gibbs free energy change for unfolding of the M58H mutant in water(More)