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PURPOSE To evaluate further the relevance of designating psychotic episodes as either postictal or interictal, we compared several biologic variables between epilepsy patients with and without psychosis. METHODS The study subjects comprised 282 patients with psychosis (36 with postictal psychosis, 224 with interictal psychosis, and 22 with both postictal(More)
Persons with epilepsy experience déjà vu phenomena with or without seizure recognition. Déjà vu experiences are also common mental phenomena in nonclinical individuals. The purpose of this study was to clarify two forms of déjà vu experiences in persons with epilepsy. Déjà vu experiences of 312 patients with epilepsy and 402 nonclinical individuals were(More)
OBJECTIVE The current study attempts to define the psychological features of patients with delayed sleep-phase syndrome (DSPS). METHOD We administered the Yatabe-Guilford test (Y-G test), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), Picture-Frustration study (P-F study) and Rorschach test to two groups, one of patients with DSPS (case group) and(More)
Three men with epilepsy (age range, 38-62) who exhibited brief episodes of violent behavior during the postictal period are described. Disease duration ranged from 27 to 44 years. Patients had both complex partial seizures and secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures, which were refractory to antiepileptic drugs. Postictal aggression occurred shortly(More)
Basophilic inclusions (BIs) are pathological features of a subset of frontotemporal lobar degeneration disorders, including sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and familial ALS (FALS). Mutations in the fused in sarcoma/translocated in liposarcoma (FUS/TLS) gene have recently been identified as a cause of FALS. The FUS/TLS-immunoreactive inclusions(More)
Neuronal Lewy body-like hyaline inclusions (LBHI) and astrocytic hyaline inclusions (Ast-HI) containing mutant Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) are morphological hallmarks of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) associated with mutant SOD1. However, the mechanisms by which mutant SOD1 contributes to formation of LBHI/Ast-HI in FALS remain poorly(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of an activator appliance and a spring active appliance on masticatory muscle activity by means of electromyography (EMG). Twelve adult males with good general health were recruited as subjects. Three functional appliances were used in each subject for long-period EMG recording during daytime(More)
PURPOSE To ascertain whether bimodal psychosis (i.e., independent postictal and interictal psychosis) in patients with epilepsy can be characterized by postictal psychosis that develops after interictal psychosis remits. METHODS We reviewed the records of 14 patients with bimodal psychosis treated at a national center hospital. Clinical and(More)
The nature of post-ictal headache (PIH) remains unclear. A multicenter study was conducted in order to evaluate frequency and risk factors for PIH. The subjects consisted of 97 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), 65 patients with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) and 37 patients with occipital lobe epilepsy (OLE). The subjects were asked about PIH at each(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the genetic causes of suspected dysferlinopathy and to reveal the genetic profile for myopathies with dysferlin deficiency. METHODS Using next-generation sequencing, we analyzed 42 myopathy-associated genes, including DYSF, in 64 patients who were clinically or pathologically suspected of having dysferlinopathy. Putative(More)