Masaaki Kasahara

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To provide a better understanding of the local immune system in the face and external genitalia, i.e., the oral floor, lower lip, palpebral conjunctiva, anus and penis, we examined the distribution and density of CD1a-positve Langerhans cells, CD8-positive suppressor T lymphocytes and CD68-positive macrophages using specimens from 8 male elderly cadavers.(More)
There is little or no information about the distribution of elastic fibers in the human fetal head. We examined this issue in 15 late-stage fetuses (crown-rump length, 220-320 mm) using aldehyde-fuchsin and elastica-Masson staining, and we used the arterial wall elastic laminae and external ear cartilages as positive staining controls. The posterior(More)
The involvement of intracellular protein phosphorylation in macrophages in the binding and uptake of oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) was investigated. The treatment of fibronectin-unstimulated and stimulated mouse thioglycolate-induced macrophages with inhibitors of myosin light chain kinase, protein kinase C and protein tyrosine kinase resulted in(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to reveal the structural properties that need to be considered in dental implant treatment by investigating differences between dentulous and edentulous maxillae in the three-dimensional (3D) microstructure of the incisive canals (ICs) and their surrounding bone. METHODS A total of 40 maxillary bones comprising 20(More)
We examined the topohistology of the subscapularis tendon at the glenohumeral joint in 10 mid-term (15-16 weeks of gestation) and 10 late-stage (27-32 weeks) human fetuses. At both stages, there were two patterns of terminal course of the subscapularis tendon: 1) the tendon was tightly attached to the medial part of the joint capsule and extended(More)
Although the risk of injuring the lingual nerve in the mandibular molar area during dental treatment is high, it can be repaired by nerve grafting. However, from the perspective of clinical dentistry, the pathway and histomorphometric characteristics of this nerve remain to be documented in detail. The purpose of the present study was to morphologically(More)
We examined morphological differences between the sublingual and submandibular glands with special reference to their innervation. The sublingual gland contained abundant periodic acid Schiff-positive mucous acini: some lobules were composed of purely mucous acini, while others were purely serous or mixed. However, in the submandibular gland, the area of(More)
The pterygoid process undergoes ossification of both the cartilage and membrane. However, few studies have attempted to explore the sequential development of the pterygoid process. Using histological examination, we performed morphological observations of the pterygoid process and surrounding tissue. ICR mice at embryonic days 13.5-18.0 and postnatal day 0(More)
In maxillary molar region implant therapy, support is sometimes obtained from trabecular bone comprising the maxillary tuberosity, pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone, and pyramidal process of the palatine bone. Great care is necessary in such cases due to the presence of the greater palatine canal, which forms a passageway for the greater palatine(More)
The vestibular and geniculate ganglia of the ear in experimental animals carry both of the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive sympathetic neurons and the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-positive parasympathetic neurons. With an aid of immunohistochemistry, we examined these ganglia as well as the horizontal part of the facial nerve using specimens(More)