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During S phase, chromatid cohesion is established only between nascent sisters and with faithful pairing along their entire region, but how this is ensured is unknown. Here we report that sister chromatid cohesion is formed and maintained by a unique mechanism. In fission yeast, Eso1p, functioning in close coupling to DNA replication, establishes sister(More)
Sister chromatid cohesion is essential for cell viability. We have isolated a novel temperature-sensitive lethal mutant named eso1-H17 that displays spindle assembly checkpoint-dependent mitotic delay and abnormal chromosome segregation. At the permissive temperature, the eso1-H17 mutant shows mild sensitivity to UV irradiation and DNA-damaging chemicals.(More)
Overexpression of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) mRNA in 1- and 2-cell stage Xenopus embryos induces cell autonomous dissociation at the late blastula stage and developmental arrest at the early gastrula stage. The induction of cell dissociation took place "punctually" at the late blastula stage in the SAMDC-overexpressing cells, irrespective of(More)
Xenopus early embryos contain relatively low levels of S-adenosyl-methionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) and its mRNA. When SAMDC mRNA was injected into Xenopus embryos, it was preserved until the blastula stage and induced a large increase in SAMDC activity. The SAMDC-overexpressed embryos developed normally until the blastula stage but at the early gastrula(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of epistaxis during or after racing among racehorses and identify factors associated with development of epistaxis. DESIGN Retrospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION 247,564 Thoroughbred and 4,045 Anglo-Arab race starts. PROCEDURE Race start information (breed, age, sex, racing distance, and race type) was obtained for(More)
A protein with structure-specific endonuclease activity has been purified to near homogeneity from cauliflower ( Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) inflorescence through five successive column chromatographies. The protein is a single polypeptide with a molecular mass of 40 kDa. Using three different branched DNA structures (flap, pseudo-Y and stem-loop) we(More)
Frequent chromosomal aberrations and/or losses of heterozygosity involving the short arm of chromosome 3 in carcinomas of the lung, kidney and other tissues imply that multiple putative tumor suppressor genes may be present on this chromosomal arm. To search for one of these genes, we determined DNA sequences in the genomic region at 3p22-21.3 where we had(More)
We studied power spectral analysis of heart rate (HR) variability in the horse, with the hypothesis that the quantitative information provided by the spectral analysis of HR variability reflects the interaction between sympathetic and parasympathetic regulatory activities. For this purpose, electrocardiogram, blood pressure (BP) and respiratory (Resp)(More)
The present study examines the effects on embryogenesis of microinjecting Xenopus laevis fertilized eggs with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR), which induces hypomethylation of DNA, and 5-methyl-2'- deoxycytidine-5'-triphosphate (5-methyl-dCTP), which induces hypermethylation of DNA. Embryos injected with either one of these analogs cleaved normally until(More)
Fission yeast checkpoint protein Rad17 is required for the DNA integrity checkpoint responses. A fraction of Rad17 is chromatin bound independent of the other checkpoint proteins throughout the cell cycle. Here we show that in response to DNA damage induced by either methyl methanesulfonate treatment or ionizing radiation, increased levels of Rad17 bind to(More)