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Genome-wide gene expression analysis using DNA microarray technology is a potential tool to search for unexpected genes that have a susceptibility to schizophrenia. We carried out a microarray analysis in the postmortem prefrontal cortex and found that the expression of the KLF5 gene, whose locus is on 13q21, was down-regulated in schizophrenia patients.(More)
Schizophrenia is a devastating neurodevelopmental disorder whose genetic influences remain elusive. Recent genome-wide scans revealed that rare structural variants disrupted multiple genes in neurodevelopmental pathways, which strongly implicate nitric oxide (NO) signaling in schizophrenia. NO acts as a second messenger of N-methyl-D aspartate receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Serotonergic systems mediate a control of aggression and/or impulsivity in human and are suggested to be involved in suicidal behavior. The newly identified neuronal tryptophan hydroxylase isoform 2 (TPH2), the rate-limiting enzyme in serotonin synthesis, represents a prime candidate in numerous genetic association analyses of suicidal behavior;(More)
Recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) and gene expression analyses have revealed that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with complex diseases such as schizophrenia are significantly more likely to be associated with expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL). The interleukin-1β (IL1B) gene has been strongly implicated in the(More)
BACKGROUND The hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is known to have a role in suicidal behaviors in patients with affective disorders. However, the incomplete overlapping of the genetic factors of suicidal behaviors and the genetic factors of affective disorders suggest that the genes associated with predisposition to suicidal behaviors and affective(More)
The effects of nimesulide, a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon carcinogenesis were investigated in mice. AOM at a dose of 10 mg/kg body wt was administered to male ICR mice once a week for 6 weeks. The animals were fed on AIN-76A powder diet containing nimesulide at doses of 200 or 400 p.p.m., starting the(More)
OBJECTIVES It has been suggested that noradrenergic system abnormalities are involved in suicide. Postmortem brain studies have shown that molecular and functional alterations in alpha2A-adrenergic receptor-induced signal transduction are associated with suicide and depression. Recently, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within a coding region of the(More)
Regulators of G-protein signaling are a family of proteins that negatively regulate the intracellular signaling of G protein-coupled receptors, such as the serotonin receptor. Recent studies have suggested that one of these proteins, the regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2), plays an important part in anxiety and/or aggressive behavior. To explore the(More)
To examine the association of PPP3CC (rs10108011 and rs2461491) and EGR3 (rs3750192) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with Japanese schizophrenia, we performed a case-control association study using 337 patients and 369 healthy controls. As a result, by our moderated cohort-size study, PPP3CC and EGR3 are not genetic risk factors for schizophrenia,(More)
Alteration of serotonin transmission in the brain of patients with schizophrenia has been reported in postmortem brain studies, cerebrospinal fluid studies, and pharmacological challenges. Although a genetic association of tryptophan hydroxylase isoform 1 (TPH1), the rate-limiting enzyme in serotonin synthesis, with schizophrenia has been suggested by(More)