Masaaki Fujii

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We infer a term structure of interbank risk from spreads between rates on interest rate swaps indexed to LIBOR and overnight indexed swaps. We develop a model of interbank risk to decompose the term structure into default and non-default (liquidity) components. We find that, on average, from August 2007 to January 2011, the fraction of total interbank risk(More)
We report on the first successful output of electrons directly from photosystem I (PSI) of thermophilic cyanobacteria to the gate of a field-effect transistor (FET) by bypassing electron flow via a newly designed molecular wire, i.e., artificial vitamin K(1), and a gold nanoparticle; in short, this newly manufactured photosensor employs a bio-functional(More)
In recent years, we have observed the dramatic increase of the use of collateral as an important credit risk mitigation tool. It has become even rare to make a contract without collateral agreement among the major financial institutions. In addition to the significant reduction of the counterparty exposure, collateralization has important implications for(More)
Plug and play: Photoinduced electron transfer occurs from photoexcited P700 in photosystem I (PSI) to a gold surface (see picture). A novel molecular connector system is used, in which an artificial molecular wire, which is assembled on the gold surface, was plugged into PSI by reconstitution. Analysis of the photoelectron transfer kinetics proved both the(More)
We have demonstrated a simple, high-energy, narrow spectral bandwidth optical parametric oscillator (OPO) by use of a large aperture periodically poled Mg-doped LiNbO(3) device with a volume Bragg grating (VBG). A free-running degenerate OPO pumped by a Q-switched 1.064 microm Nd:YAG laser exhibits maximum output pulse energy of 110 mJ with high slope(More)
The dynamics and energetics of water at interfaces or in biological systems plays a fundamental role in all solvation and biological phenomena in aqueous solution. In particular, the migration of water molecules is the first step that controls the overall process in the time domain. Experimentally, the dynamics of individual water molecules is nearly(More)
Sensory rhodopsin I (SRI) exists in the cell membranes of microorganisms such as the archaeon Halobacterium salinarum and is a photosensor responsible for positive and negative phototaxis. SRI forms a signaling complex with its cognate transducer protein, HtrI, in the membrane. That complex transmits light signals to the flagellar motor through changes in(More)
We performed infrared (IR) spectroscopic imaging of molecular species in cultured cell interiors of A549 cells using in-house developed vibrational sum-frequency generation detected IR super-resolution microscope. The spatial resolution of this IR microscope was approximately 1.1 microm, which exceeds the diffraction limit of IR light. Therefore, we clearly(More)
Microbial organisms utilize light not only as energy sources but also as signals by which rhodopsins (containing retinal as a chromophore) work as photoreceptors. Sensory rhodopsin I (SRI) is a dual photoreceptor that regulates both negative and positive phototaxis in microbial organisms, such as the archaeon Halobacterium salinarum and the eubacterium(More)