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Myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP) plays a pivotal role in smooth muscle contraction by regulating Ca(2+) sensitivity of myosin light chain phosphorylation. A smooth muscle phosphoprotein called CPI-17 specifically and potently inhibits MLCP in vitro and in situ and is activated when phosphorylated at Thr-38, which increases its inhibitory potency(More)
A novel phosphorylation-dependent inhibitory protein (IP) of porcine aorta myosin light chain phosphatase (PA-MLCP) was purified to homogeneity from porcine aorta media. The molecular mass of IP was 20 kDa. IP phosphorylated by endogenous potentiating kinase (IP-K) inhibited not only PA-MLCP activity, but also that of the catalytic subunit of protein(More)
There are few successful therapies for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Recently, CRPC has been thought to result from augmented androgen/androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway, for most of which AR overexpression has been observed. In this study, Twist1, a member of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors as well as AR was upregulated in(More)
1. CPI-17 has recently been identified as a novel protein in vascular smooth muscle. In vitro , its phosphorylation and thiophosphorylation by protein kinase C (PKC) specifically inhibits the type 1 class of protein phosphatases, including myosin light chain (MLC) phosphatase. 2. Both of the phosphorylated CPI-17 states dose-dependently potentiated(More)
1. Triton X-100-demembranated smooth muscle loses Ca2+-sensitizing responsiveness to protein kinase C (PKC) activators while intact and alpha-toxin-permeabilized smooth muscles remain responsive. We attempted to reconstitute the contractile Ca2+ sensitization by PKC in the demembranated preparations. 2. Western blot analyses showed that the content of the(More)
1. Various smooth muscles have unique contractile characteristics, such as the degree of Ca(2+) sensitivity induced by physiological and pharmacological agents. Here we evaluated six different rabbit smooth muscle tissues for protein kinase C (PKC)-induced Ca(2+) sensitization. We also examined the expression levels of myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP),(More)
The cDNA encoding a phosphorylation-dependent inhibitory protein of protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) was isolated from a porcine aorta library. The coding region represented the complete amino acid sequence of this protein comprised of a novel 147-residue polypeptide, which we termed CPI17, a 17-kDa PKC-potentiated inhibitory protein of PP1. As well as the(More)
BACKGROUND We previously showed that the apolipoprotein (apo) Eepsilon2 allele is associated with the progression of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of the present study is to further investigate the association between apo E genetic polymorphism, plasma lipid levels (particularly remnant lipoproteins), and diabetic nephropathy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS One(More)
Phosphorylation of CPI-17 and PHI-1 by the MYPT1-associated kinase (M110 kinase) was investigated. M110 kinase is a recently identified serine/threonine kinase with a catalytic domain that is homologous to that of ZIP kinase (ZIPK. GST-rN-ZIPK, a constitutively active GST fusion fragment, phosphorylates CPI-17 (but not PHI-1) to a stoichiometry of 1.7(More)
The induction of senescence-like growth arrest has emerged as a putative contributor to the anticancer effects of chemotherapeutic agents. Clinical trials are underway to evaluate the efficacy of inhibitors for class I and II histone deacetylases to treat malignancies. However, a potential antiproliferative effect of inhibitor for Sirt1, which is an(More)