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Myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP) plays a pivotal role in smooth muscle contraction by regulating Ca(2+) sensitivity of myosin light chain phosphorylation. A smooth muscle phosphoprotein called CPI-17 specifically and potently inhibits MLCP in vitro and in situ and is activated when phosphorylated at Thr-38, which increases its inhibitory potency(More)
A novel phosphorylation-dependent inhibitory protein (IP) of porcine aorta myosin light chain phosphatase (PA-MLCP) was purified to homogeneity from porcine aorta media. The molecular mass of IP was 20 kDa. IP phosphorylated by endogenous potentiating kinase (IP-K) inhibited not only PA-MLCP activity, but also that of the catalytic subunit of protein(More)
BACKGROUND We previously showed that the apolipoprotein (apo) Eepsilon2 allele is associated with the progression of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of the present study is to further investigate the association between apo E genetic polymorphism, plasma lipid levels (particularly remnant lipoproteins), and diabetic nephropathy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS One(More)
1. CPI-17 has recently been identified as a novel protein in vascular smooth muscle. In vitro , its phosphorylation and thiophosphorylation by protein kinase C (PKC) specifically inhibits the type 1 class of protein phosphatases, including myosin light chain (MLC) phosphatase. 2. Both of the phosphorylated CPI-17 states dose-dependently potentiated(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen has been reported to augment endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. The role of endogenous ovarian hormones in modulating endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, however, remains to be determined. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of sex and menstrual cycle on endothelium-dependent flow-mediated vasodilatation.(More)
The cDNA encoding a phosphorylation-dependent inhibitory protein of protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) was isolated from a porcine aorta library. The coding region represented the complete amino acid sequence of this protein comprised of a novel 147-residue polypeptide, which we termed CPI17, a 17-kDa PKC-potentiated inhibitory protein of PP1. As well as the(More)
There are few successful therapies for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Recently, CRPC has been thought to result from augmented androgen/androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway, for most of which AR overexpression has been observed. In this study, Twist1, a member of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors as well as AR was upregulated in(More)
Phosphorylation of CPI-17 and PHI-1 by the MYPT1-associated kinase (M110 kinase) was investigated. M110 kinase is a recently identified serine/threonine kinase with a catalytic domain that is homologous to that of ZIP kinase (ZIPK. GST-rN-ZIPK, a constitutively active GST fusion fragment, phosphorylates CPI-17 (but not PHI-1) to a stoichiometry of 1.7(More)
We have examined the apo E phenotype frequencies in the Japanese population (n = 576, 16-78 years of age). Apo E phenotypes were determined by the rapid flat gel isoelectric focusing method that we previously reported. The apo E phenotype frequencies in the Japanese were 0.3% for E2/2, 6.1% for E3/2, 71.9% for E3/3, 0.7% for E4/2, 19.3% for E4/3 and 1.7%(More)
The genetic polymorphism of apolipoprotein E (epsilon 2, epsilon 3 and epsilon 4) is associated with lipid abnormalities. It has been suggested that lipid abnormalities may contribute to the development and progression of kidney diseases, including diabetic nephropathy. Thus, in this study we compared the apo E allele frequencies among 146(More)