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A whole-genome radiation hybrid (RH) panel was used to construct a high-resolution map of the rat genome based on microsatellite and gene markers. These include 3,019 new microsatellite markers described here for the first time and 1,714 microsatellite markers with known genetic locations, allowing comparison and integration of maps from different sources.(More)
The discovery of nuclear export signals (NESs) in a number of proteins revealed the occurrence of signal-dependent transport of proteins from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Although the consensus motif of the NESs has been shown to be a leucine-rich, short amino-acid sequence, its receptor has not been identified. A cytotoxin leptomycin B (LMB) has recently(More)
During mammalian development, many cells are programmed to die most mediated by apoptosis. The Fas antigen coded by the structural gene for mouse lymphoproliferation mutation (lpr), is a cell surface protein belonging to the tumour necrosis factor/nerve growth factor receptor family, and mediates apoptosis. The Fas antigen messenger RNA is expressed in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We sought to determine the clinical and neuroradiological features of intracranial vertebrobasilar artery dissection. METHODS The clinical features and MR findings of 31 patients (20 men and 11 women) with intracranial vertebrobasilar artery dissections confirmed by vertebral angiography were analyzed retrospectively. The vertebral(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are specifically phosphorylated and activated by the MAPK kinases, phosphorylate various targets such as MAPK-activated protein kinases and transcription factors, and are inactivated by specific phosphatases. Recently, docking interactions via the non-catalytic regions of MAPKs have been suggested to be important in(More)
In response to extracellular stimuli, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK, also known as ERK) translocates from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. MAP kinase kinase (MAPKK, also know as MEK), which possesses a nuclear export signal (NES), acts as a cytoplasmic anchor of MAPK. Here we show evidence that tyrosine (Tyr190 in Xenopus MPK1/ERK2) phosphorylation of(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase (MAPKK, also known as MEK), a direct activator for MAPK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase, localizes to the cytoplasm excluded from the nucleus during signal transmission. This nuclear exclusion of MAPKK is directed by its nuclear export signal (NES), but its physiological significance has been unknown. We(More)
To evaluate whether angiogenic factors are of clinical relevance to actual human pancreatic cancers, we studied the intratumoral microvessel density (IMD), and PD-ECGF, VEGF protein expression in 40 pancreatic cancers using immunohistochemistry. We also investigated PD-ECGF and VEGF gene expression using reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR). Of the 40(More)
The mouse lpr (lymphoproliferation) mutation carries a rearrangement in the chromosomal gene for the Fas antigen, which mediates apoptosis. Isolation and characterization of mouse Fas antigen chromosomal gene from wild-type and lpr mice indicated an insertion of an early transposable element (ETn) in intron 2 of the Fas antigen gene of lpr mice. Hybrid(More)
PURPOSE The present prospective survey was performed to obtain information on delayed adverse reactions (DARs) to five types of low-osmolar iodinated contrast media, including their frequency, common manifestations, and the patient's history of allergy. METHODS We investigated data from 15,890 consecutive patients who underwent contrast-enhanced computed(More)