Masa-Toshi Yamamoto

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We address the relative roles of astral and central spindle microtubules (MTs) in cytokinesis of Drosophila melanogaster primary spermatocytes. Time-lapse imaging studies reveal that the central spindle is comprised of two MT populations, "interior" central spindle MTs found within the spindle envelope and "peripheral" astral MTs that probe the cytoplasm(More)
Diapause is an adaptive response triggered by seasonal photoperiodicity to overcome unfavorable seasons. The photoperiodic clock is a system that controls seasonal physiological processes, but our knowledge about its physiological mechanisms and genetic architecture remains incomplete. The circadian clock is another system that controls daily rhythmic(More)
The fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, is not categorized as a laboratory animal, but it is recognised as one of the most important model organisms for basic biology, life science, and biomedical research. This tiny fly continues to occupy a core place in genetics and genomic approaches to studies of biology and medicine. The basic principles of genetics,(More)
rec mutations result in an extremely low level of recombination and a high frequency of primary non-disjunction in the female meiosis of Drosophila melanogaster. Here we demonstrate that the rec gene encodes a novel protein related to the mini-chromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins. Six MCM proteins (MCM2-7) are conserved in eukaryotic genomes, and they(More)
Hybrid females from crosses between Drsophila melanogaster males and females of its sibling species, D. simulans, D. mauritiana, or D. sechellia die as embryos. This lethality is believed to be caused by incompatibility between the X chromosome of D. melanogaster and the maternal cytoplasm. Zygotic hybrid rescue (Zhr) prevents this embryonic lethality and(More)
The chromosomal localization of 28S rDNA was investigated in 16 species of the Australian ant genusMyrmecia, with 2n numbers ranging from 4 to 76, using the fluorescence in situ hybridization method and karyographic analysis. A unique phenomenon was observed: the number of chromosomes carrying 28S rDNA increases from 2 in species with low chromosome numbers(More)
Chromosomal localization of rDNA in samples of five taxa of the Myrmecia pilosula species complex (Hymeoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae) with 2n=3 (M. croslandi), 8 (M. imaii), 10 (M. banksi), 18 (M. haskinsorum), and 27 (M. pilosula) was carried out by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using cloned M. croslandi rDNA (pMc.r2) including the coding(More)
A large body of data on molecular analyses of several multiallelic loci in Drosophila melanogaster has demonstrated a high incidence of mobile DNA element insertions among spontaneous mutations. In the sibling species D. simulans, the dispersed, middle repetitive, nomadic sequences are reduced to about one-seventh that of its sibling species (Dowsett and(More)
The relationships among ant subfamilies were studied by phylogenetic analysis of rDNA sequences of 15 species from seven subfamilies. PCR primers were designed on the basis of the rDNA sequence of the Australian bulldog ant, Myrmecia croslandi, previously determined. Phylogenetic trees were constructed using sequences of a fragment of 18S rDNA (1.8 kb), a(More)
Interspecific crosses between Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila simulans usually produce sterile unisexual hybrids. The barrier preventing genetic analysis of hybrid inviability and sterility has been taken away by the discovery of a D. simulans strain which produces fertile female hybrids. D. simulans genes in the cytological locations of 21A1 to(More)