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An increased permeability of a cell membrane during the application of high-voltage pulses results in increased transmembrane transport of molecules that otherwise cannot enter the cell. Increased permeability of a cell membrane is accompanied by increased membrane conductivity; thus, by measuring electric conductivity the extent of permeabilized tissue(More)
Gene electrotransfer is an established method for gene delivery which uses high-voltage pulses to increase permeability of cell membrane and thus enables transfer of genes. Currently, majority of research is focused on improving in vivo transfection efficiency, while mechanisms involved in gene electrotransfer are not completely understood. In this paper we(More)
Knowledge of the parameters which influence the efficiency of gene electrotransfer has importance for practical implementation of electrotransfection for gene therapy as well as for better understanding of the underlying mechanism. The focus of this study was to analyze the differences in gene electrotransfer and membrane electropermeabilization between(More)
Electropermeabilization and cell death caused by the exposure to high voltage electric pulses depends on the parameters of pulses, as well as the composition of the extracellular medium. We studied the influence of extracellular conductivity on electropermeabilization and survival of cells in vitro. For this purpose, we used a physiological medium with a(More)
We studied spontaneous shape transformations and burst of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) vesicles with exogeneously added non-ionic detergent octaethylene-glycol dodecylether C(12)E(8). The addition of C(12)E(8) increased the speed of the vesicle shape transformation, so that we were able to study for the first time the(More)
Efficient electroporation of cells in physical contact induces cell fusion, and this process is known as electrofusion. It has been shown that appropriate hypotonic treatment of cells before the application of electric pulses can cause a significant increase in electrofusion efficiency. First, the amplitudes of the electric field were determined(More)
BACKGROUND Electroporation is a physical method used to transfer molecules into cells and tissues. Clinical applications have been developed for antitumor drug delivery. Clinical trials of gene electrotransfer are under investigation. However, knowledge about how DNA enters cells is not complete. By contrast to small molecules that have direct access to the(More)
Gene electrotransfer is an established method for gene delivery which uses high-voltage pulses to increase the permeability of a cell membrane and enables transfer of genes. Poor plasmid mobility in tissues is one of the major barriers for the successful use of gene electrotransfer in gene therapy. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of electrophoresis on(More)
Cell electrofusion is a phenomenon that occurs, when cells are in close contact and exposed to short high-voltage electric pulses. The consequence of exposure to pulses is transient and nonselective permeabilization of cell membranes. Cell electrofusion and permeabilization depend on the values of electric field parameters including amplitude, duration and(More)
In this paper a novel parameter optimization approach for cell detection tool and counting cells procedure in phase contrast images are presented. Manual counting of the attached cells in phase contrast images is time-consuming and subjective. For evaluation of electroporation efficiency of attached cells, we often perform manual counting of the cells which(More)