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An increased permeability of a cell membrane during the application of high-voltage pulses results in increased transmembrane transport of molecules that otherwise cannot enter the cell. Increased permeability of a cell membrane is accompanied by increased membrane conductivity; thus, by measuring electric conductivity the extent of permeabilized tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Gene electrotransfer is a non-viral method used to transfer genes into living cells by means of high-voltage electric pulses. An exposure of a cell to an adequate amplitude and duration of electric pulses leads to a temporary increase of cell membrane permeability. This phenomenon, termed electroporation or electropermeabilization, allows various(More)
Gene electrotransfer is an established method for gene delivery which uses high-voltage pulses to increase permeability of cell membrane and thus enables transfer of genes. Currently, majority of research is focused on improving in vivo transfection efficiency, while mechanisms involved in gene electrotransfer are not completely understood. In this paper we(More)
Electrofusion is an efficient method for fusing cells using short-duration high-voltage electric pulses. However, electrofusion yields are very low when fusion partner cells differ considerably in their size, since the extent of electroporation (consequently membrane fusogenic state) with conventionally used microsecond pulses depends proportionally on the(More)
Knowledge of the parameters which influence the efficiency of gene electrotransfer has importance for practical implementation of electrotransfection for gene therapy as well as for better understanding of the underlying mechanism. The focus of this study was to analyze the differences in gene electrotransfer and membrane electropermeabilization between(More)
Electropermeabilization and cell death caused by the exposure to high voltage electric pulses depends on the parameters of pulses, as well as the composition of the extracellular medium. We studied the influence of extracellular conductivity on electropermeabilization and survival of cells in vitro. For this purpose, we used a physiological medium with a(More)
We studied spontaneous shape transformations and burst of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) vesicles with exogeneously added non-ionic detergent octaethylene-glycol dodecylether C(12)E(8). The addition of C(12)E(8) increased the speed of the vesicle shape transformation, so that we were able to study for the first time the(More)
Efficient electroporation of cells in physical contact induces cell fusion, and this process is known as electrofusion. It has been shown that appropriate hypotonic treatment of cells before the application of electric pulses can cause a significant increase in electrofusion efficiency. First, the amplitudes of the electric field were determined(More)
BACKGROUND Electroporation is a physical method used to transfer molecules into cells and tissues. Clinical applications have been developed for antitumor drug delivery. Clinical trials of gene electrotransfer are under investigation. However, knowledge about how DNA enters cells is not complete. By contrast to small molecules that have direct access to the(More)
Gene electrotransfer is an established method for gene delivery which uses high-voltage pulses to increase the permeability of a cell membrane and enables transfer of genes. Poor plasmid mobility in tissues is one of the major barriers for the successful use of gene electrotransfer in gene therapy. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of electrophoresis on(More)