Marziyeh Farnia

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OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence of HIV and related risk behaviours among prisoners in Iran in 2009. METHODS Using multistage random sampling, we recruited 5,530 prisoners from 27 prisons in Iran. Behavioural data were collected using a face-to-face questionnaire-based interview, and HIV status was determined by ELISA of dried blood spots. Weighted(More)
Previous research indicates that prisoners in Iran are at risk of drug-related harm, including acquisition of blood-borne infections. In response, several prevention interventions have been introduced into prisons in Iran, such as methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). MMT is now provided to opioid-dependent prisoners in 142 of the 230 prisons and(More)
BACKGROUND Research evidence indicates that prisoners in Iran are at risk of drug-related harm, including acquisition of blood-borne infections. In response, several prevention interventions including methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) have been introduced into prisons in Iran. METHODS This report reviews and presents some important information(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the context in which methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is provided for opioid-dependent prisoners, and to identify barriers against further scale-up of MMT in Ghezel Hesar prison in Tehran. METHODS This was a cross-sectional qualitative study using field observations, focus group discussions, and individual(More)
Background Prisons are recognized worldwide as important sites for transmission of blood-borne viruses (BBVs). the high prevalence of HIV infection and drug dependence among prisoners, combined with the sharing of injecting drug equipment, make prisons a high-risk environment for the transmission of HIV and the lack of supply of preventive measures (such as(More)
Background 1-Pilot the PNEP in the Iranian prisons after having received the acceptance of the authorities in the Iranian Judiciary System. 2-Schedule the piloting of the PNEP in the Iranian prisons. 3-Analyse the opinions given by the policy-makers in prisons and the staff to have a better implementation of the programme. (during pre-, while and(More)
BACKGROUND Starting in 1990 many programs were initiated to prevent and control the spread of HIV/AIDS in prisons in accordance with the policies of the Ministry of Health. This study attempts to evaluate the effectiveness of harm reduction programs vis-à-vis drug abuse and dependency in 7 prisons in Iran. METHODS The methodology used is Before-After(More)
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