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OBJECTIVES Patients with minimal-change chronic pancreatitis (MCCP) are traditionally managed medically with poor results. This study was conducted to review outcomes following total pancreatectomy with islet cell autotransplantation (TP/IAT) as the initial surgical procedure in the treatment of MCCP. METHODS All patients submitted to TP/IAT for MCCP were(More)
OBJECTIVE Gastric bypass (GB) surgery is associated with postprandial hyperinsulinemia, and this effect is accentuated in postsurgical patients who develop recurrent hypoglycemia. Plasma levels of the incretin glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) are dramatically increased after GB, suggesting that its action contributes to alteration in postprandial glucose(More)
BACKGROUND For patients with severe chronic pancreatitis, total or completion pancreatectomy with islet cell autotransplantation (IAT) can alleviate pain and avoid the complications of diabetes. Several genetic mutations, specifically, PRSS1, CFTR, and SPINK1, are associated with chronic pancreatitis. Few reports have focused on the benefit of this(More)
Progressive insulin secretory defects, due to either functional abnormalities of the pancreatic beta-cells or a reduction in beta-cell mass, are the cornerstone of type 2 diabetes. Incretin-based drugs hold the potential to improve glucose tolerance by immediate favorable effect on beta-cell physiology as well as by expanding or at least maintaining(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Postprandial glycemia excursions increase after gastric bypass surgery; this effect is even greater among patients with recurrent hypoglycemia. These patients also have increased postprandial levels of insulin and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). We performed a clinical trial to determine the role of GLP-1 in postprandial glycemia in(More)
OBJECTIVE The incretins glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) account for up to 60% of postprandial insulin release in healthy people. Previous studies showed a reduced incretin effect in patients with type 2 diabetes but a robust response to exogenous GLP-1. The primary goal of this study was to determine(More)
BACKGROUND Exogenous administration of glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 improves glucose tolerance by stimulation of insulin secretion, inhibition of glucagon secretion, and delay of gastric emptying. It is not known which of these effects is involved in the action of endogenous GLP-1 to control blood glucose. To determine the role of endogenous GLP-1 on islet(More)
CONTEXT Postprandial hypoglycemia, a late complication of gastric bypass (GB) surgery, is associated with an exaggerated insulin response to meal ingestion. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to characterize insulin secretion and other glucoregulatory hormone responses to meal ingestion after GB based on hypoglycemia and clinical symptoms. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that metformin during lactation versus formula feeding would have no adverse effects on infants' growth, motor-social development, or intercurrent illness. STUDY DESIGN Growth, motor-social development, and illness requiring a pediatrician visit were assessed in 61 nursing infants (21 male, 40 female) and 50 formula-fed(More)
OBJECTIVE Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (GB) is characterized by accentuated but short-lived postprandial elevations of blood glucose and insulin. This profile has been attributed to effects of relative hyperglycemia to directly stimulate β-cells and an augmented incretin effect. An additional glucose-independent stimulation of insulin secretion in GB(More)