Marzia Perluigi

Learn More
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The oxidative stress hypothesis of AD pathogenesis, in part, is based on β-amyloid peptide (Aβ)-induced oxidative stress in both in vitro and in vivo studies. Oxidative modification of the protein may induce structural changes in a protein(More)
Numerous investigations point to the importance of oxidative imbalance in mediating AD pathogenesis. Accumulated evidence indicates that lipid peroxidation is an early event during the evolution of the disease and occurs in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Because MCI represents a condition of increased risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD), early(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor, psychiatric, and cognitive symptoms. The genetic defect responsible for the onset of the disease, expansion of CAG repeats in exon 1 of the gene that codes for huntingtin on chromosome 4, has been unambiguously identified. On the other hand, the mechanisms by which(More)
Oxidative damage is a feature of many age-related neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a highly reactive product of the free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation of unsaturated lipids, particularly arachidonic acid, in cellular membranes. In the present study we show for the first time in brain obtained(More)
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are highly regulated proteins that are involved in normal cellular activity and are up-regulated when the cell is exposed to stress such as heat or excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. HSPs are molecular chaperones that mediate the proper folding of proteins and promote recovery of the native conformations of proteins(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia, comprising 60-80% of all reported cases, and currently affects 5.2 million Americans. AD is characterized pathologically by the accumulation of senile plaques (SPs), neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), and synapse loss. The early stages of memory loss associated with AD have been studied in a(More)
Alzheimer's disease, an age-related neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized clinically by a progressive loss of memory and cognitive functions. Neuropathologically, Alzheimer's disease is defined by the accumulation of extracellular amyloid protein deposited senile plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles made of abnormal and(More)
Oxidative stress is an imbalance between the level of antioxidants and oxidants in a cell. Oxidative stress has been shown in brain of subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as well Alzheimer's disease (AD). MCI is considered as a transition phase between control and AD. The focus of the current study was to identify nitrated proteins in the(More)
A number of studies reported that oxidative and nitrosative damage may be important in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, whether oxidative damage precedes, contributes directly, or is secondary to AD pathogenesis is not known. Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a clinical condition that is a transition between normal aging and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the leading cause of dementia, involves regionalized neuronal death, synaptic loss, and an accumulation of intraneuronal, neurofibrillary tangles and extracellular senile plaques. Although the initiating causes leading to AD are unknown, a number of previous studies reported the role of oxidative stress in AD brain. Postmortem(More)