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Formation of 7 alpha-hydroxycholesterol by rat liver microsomes was quantitated using a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer operated in selected ion monitoring mode. This procedure measures the mass of 7 alpha-hydroxycholesterol formed and does not require addition of labeled cholesterol to monitor the reaction, since endogenous microsomal cholesterol(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the possibility of using the ClinProt technique to find serum cancer related diagnostic markers that are able to better discriminate healthy subjects from patients affected by renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Renal cell carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the kidney. Biomarkers for early detection, prognosis, follow-up, and(More)
Therapy with cyclosporin A (CsA) for immunosuppression after organ transplantation requires monitoring of its levels in blood owing to the narrow therapeutic index of the drug and to the high inter-individual variability of the drug absorption and metabolism. We describe the preparation of CsA labelled with stable isotopes ((13)C and (2)H) with an isotopic(More)
An improved method for the evaluation of glucose turnover rate in humans, using a prime-continuous infusion of [6,6-2H2]glucose, was developed. Deproteinization of plasma and conversion of glucose into the aldononitrile pentaacetate derivative are the only sample manipulations required prior to the gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis. In six(More)
Ribavirin (1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide) is a broad spectrum antiviral agent, with a primary indication in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, but with significant activity against more common viral pathogens. Since the available kinetic data are only in HIV patients, a study was carried out in normal volunteers, also with(More)
The Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by accumulation of cholesta-5,7-dien-3 beta-0l caused by a deficiency of the enzyme desaturating this sterol to cholesterol. In addition to other unusual sterols recently found in plasma of patients with SLOS, namely cholesta-5,8-dien-3 beta-ol and 19-nor-cholesta-5,7,9(More)
Identification of sulfonylureas in serum is important in the diagnosis of hypoglycemic crisis of unknown origin. Methods based on HPLC with UV or fluorescence detection may give false positive results. Mass spectrometry may successfully avoid this problem. The described method allows the simultaneous identification and quantification of tolbutamide,(More)
BACKGROUND In a prior study the 21-aminosteroid (lazaroid) U74389F provided in vivo protection from oxidative stress when used as a preventive therapy in ischemia-reperfusion injury in the kidney. As the cell membrane is the principal site for lipoperoxidation, in the current study the very lipophilic 2-methylaminochroman U83836E, a recently developed(More)
In this communication we attempt to provide one possible explanation for the observed differences regarding kinetics and distribution between simvastatin and pravastatin. Rats treated with simvastatin or pravastatin exhibited a reduction in the incorporation of [2-(14)C] acetate into liver cholesterol and displayed lower plasma mevalonate levels as compared(More)
Methods are described for the evaluation of HMGCoA reductase and cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase activities. The methods are based on the measurement by selected-ion monitoring of mevalonate, formed from HMGCoA and of 7 alpha-hydroxycholesterol formed from cholesterol, respectively. The methods are as sensitive as those based on the use of radioisotopes but(More)