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Monosomy 1p36 results from a heterozygous deletion of the most distal chromosomal band on the short arm of chromosome 1. Occurring in approximately 1 in 5,000 live births, monosomy 1p36 is the most common terminal deletion observed in humans. Monosomy 1p36 is associated with mental retardation, developmental delay, hearing impairment, seizures, growth(More)
PURPOSE Keratoconus (KTCN) is a noninflammatory thinning and anterior protrusion of the cornea that results in steepening and distortion of the cornea, altered refractive powers, and reduced visual acuity. Several loci responsible for a familial form of KTCN have been mapped, however; no mutations in any genes have been identified for any of these loci.(More)
Polymorphisms in the selected genes controlling carcinogen metabolism (CYP1A1, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, NAT2, GSTM1, GSTT1) considered separately or in different combinations, were investigated for an association with tobacco smoke-associated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the larynx. The case-control study was performed in 289 patients with laryngeal SCC and in(More)
INTRODUCTION Cigarette smoke and alcohol can generate reactive oxygen species, which may induce DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), the most serious DNA lesion. In humans, DSBs are repaired mainly by non-homologous end joining and homologous recombination repair (HRR). Several polymorphisms in the DNA repair gene have been extensively studied in the(More)
Carcinogenesis may result from abnormal methylation of cancer-related genes regulatory sequence. Though, the polymorphic variants of genes encoding enzymes of folate and methionine metabolism may have an effect on DNA methylation. Using PCR-RFLPs, we examined the polymorphism distribution of genes encoding methionine synthase (MTR);(More)
Polymicrogyria is a malformation of cortical development characterized by loss of the normal gyral pattern, which is replaced by many small and infolded gyri separated by shallow, partly fused sulci, and loss of middle cortical layers. The pathogenesis is unknown, yet emerging data supports the existence of several loci in the human genome. We report on the(More)
Although approximately 1 in 500 individuals carries a reciprocal translocation, little is known about the mechanisms that result in their formation. We analyzed the sequences surrounding the breakpoints in three unbalanced translocations of 1p and 9q, all of which were designated t(1;9)(p36.3;q34), to investigate the presence of sequence motifs that might(More)
Approximately one in 500 individuals carries a reciprocal translocation. Of the 121 monosomy 1p36 subjects ascertained by our laboratory, three independent cases involved unbalanced translocations of 1p and 9q, all of which were designated t(1;9)(p36.3;q34). These derivative chromosomes were inherited from balanced translocation carrier parents. To(More)
Infantile spasms (ISS) are an epilepsy disorder frequently associated with severe developmental outcome and have diverse genetic etiologies. We ascertained 11 subjects with ISS and novel copy number variants (CNVs) and combined these with a new cohort with deletion 1p36 and ISS, and additional published patients with ISS and other chromosomal abnormalities.(More)
Structural chromosome abnormalities have aided in gene identification for over three decades. Delineation of the deletion sizes and rearrangements allows for phenotype/genotype correlations and ultimately assists in gene identification. In this report, we have delineated the precise rearrangements in four subjects with deletions, duplications, and/or(More)