Marzena Gajecka

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Monosomy 1p36 results from a heterozygous deletion of the most distal chromosomal band on the short arm of chromosome 1. Occurring in approximately 1 in 5,000 live births, monosomy 1p36 is the most common terminal deletion observed in humans. Monosomy 1p36 is associated with mental retardation, developmental delay, hearing impairment, seizures, growth(More)
Polymorphisms in the selected genes controlling carcinogen metabolism (CYP1A1, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, NAT2, GSTM1, GSTT1) considered separately or in different combinations, were investigated for an association with tobacco smoke-associated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the larynx. The case-control study was performed in 289 patients with laryngeal SCC and in(More)
Carcinogenesis may result from abnormal methylation of cancer-related genes regulatory sequence. Though, the polymorphic variants of genes encoding enzymes of folate and methionine metabolism may have an effect on DNA methylation. Using PCR-RFLPs, we examined the polymorphism distribution of genes encoding methionine synthase (MTR);(More)
PURPOSE Keratoconus (KTCN) is a noninflammatory thinning and anterior protrusion of the cornea that results in steepening and distortion of the cornea, altered refractive powers, and reduced visual acuity. Several loci responsible for a familial form of KTCN have been mapped, however; no mutations in any genes have been identified for any of these loci.(More)
Polymicrogyria is a malformation of cortical development characterized by loss of the normal gyral pattern, which is replaced by many small and infolded gyri separated by shallow, partly fused sulci, and loss of middle cortical layers. The pathogenesis is unknown, yet emerging data supports the existence of several loci in the human genome. We report on the(More)
BACKGROUND Tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking generate oxidative DNA damage and may contribute to larynx carcinogenesis. The X-ray repair cross complementing 1 (XRCC1) and excision repair cross-complementing rodent repair deficiency, complementation group 4 (ERCC4(XPF)) genes are important components of DNA excision repair systems, which repair DNA damage(More)
Keratoconus (KTCN), a non-inflammatory corneal disorder characterized by stromal thinning, represents a major cause of corneal transplantations. Genetic and environmental factors have a role in the etiology of this complex disease. Previously reported linkage analysis revealed that chromosomal region 13q32 is likely to contain causative gene(s) for familial(More)
One of the most troublesome failures in head and neck tumors treatment is the incidence of multiple primary tumors (MPT). The aim of the study was to identity the genetic factors associated with the predisposition of second cancer occurrence. The polymorphisms of genes involved in carcinogen metabolic activation (CYP1A1, CYP2E1), detoxication (GSTM1, GSTT1,(More)
The mechanisms involved in the formation of subtelomeric rearrangements are now beginning to be elucidated. Breakpoint sequencing analysis of 1p36 rearrangements has made important contributions to this line of inquiry. Despite the unique architecture of segmental duplications inherent to human subtelomeres, no common mechanism has been identified thus far(More)
The impact of genetic factors on laryngeal cancer risk was studied in relation to DNA repair capacity on the phenotypic and genotypic level. DNA lesions induced by bleomycin or S9-activated benzo[a]pyrene were determined in blood lymphocytes using the alkaline comet assay. Laryngeal cancer subjects (n = 52) were shown to have higher levels of spontaneous(More)