Maryvonne Mathelier

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Vocal communication develops under social influences that can enhance attention, an important factor in memory formation and perceptual tuning. In songbirds, social conditions can delay sensitive periods of development, overcome learning inhibitions and enable exceptional learning or induce selective learning. However, we do not know how social conditions(More)
The field L complex is thought to be the highest auditory centre and the input in the song vocal nuclei. Different anatomical and functional subdivisions have been described in field L. Auditory neurons of field L are well activated by natural sounds and especially by species-specific sounds. A complex sound coding appears to exist in field L. However,(More)
The effect of early experience on brain development was investigated in the central auditory area of a songbird, the field L complex, which is analogous to the mammalian auditory cortex. Multi-unit recordings of auditory responses in the field L complex of adult starlings raised without any experience of adult song during development provide strong evidence(More)
Recent literature on the Field L of songbirds, showing that some neurons present a clear selectivity towards complex sounds, especially conspecific songs, is reviewed. Furthermore, studies on European starlings have revealed a complex functional organization in this central auditory area, with subareas exhibiting different response features. Interestingly,(More)
Social influence on song acquisition was studied in 3 groups of young European starlings raised under different social conditions but with the same auditory experience of adult song. Attentional focusing on preferred partners appears the most likely explanation for differences found in song acquisition in relation to experience, sex, and song categories.(More)
A mirror has been shown to reduce stereotypies in horses housed singly, presumably as it may provide some sort of 'social stimulation'. We investigated here whether a mirror may have such a 'quietening effect' on birds kept in a laboratory, such as European starlings. We observed the reactions to a mirror of starlings of different sexes and with different(More)
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