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Cultured monocytes and macrophages stimulated with LPS produce large quantities of proIL-1beta, but release little mature cytokine to the medium. The efficiency at which the procytokine is converted to its active 17-kDa species and released extracellularly is enhanced by treating cytokine-producing cells with a secretion stimulus such as ATP or nigericin.(More)
KC, the product of an immediate early gene induced in mouse fibroblasts by platelet-derived growth factor, was synthesized as a recombinant protein in Escherichia coli and binds with 0.8 nM affinity to mouse neutrophils. Human neutrophils also bind recombinant KC at a site competitive with human interleukin (IL8) and Gro-alpha/MGSA, consistent with binding(More)
CP-195543 [(+)-2-(3-benzyl-4-hydroxy-chroman-7-yl)-4-trifluoromethyl-benzoic acid] is a structurally novel, selective and potent leukotriene B4 (LTB4) receptor antagonist. In vitro CP-195543 inhibited [3H]LTB4 binding to high-affinity LTB4 receptors on human neutrophils (HN) and murine spleen membranes with IC50 values of 6.8 nM (Ki = 4.9 nM) and 37.0 nM(More)
Because of its requirement for signaling by multiple cytokines, Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) is an excellent target for clinical immunosuppression. We report the development of a specific, orally active inhibitor of JAK3, CP-690,550, that significantly prolonged survival in a murine model of heart transplantation and in cynomolgus monkeys receiving kidney(More)
The Duffy antigen/receptor for chemokines (DARC), first identified on erythrocytes, functions not only as a promiscuous chemokine receptor but also as a receptor for the malarial parasite, Plasmodium vivax. The recent finding that DARC is ubiquitously expressed by endothelial cells lining postcapillary venules provides a possible insight into the function(More)
KC, the product of an immediate early gene induced in mouse fibroblasts by platelet-derived growth factor, was expressed in Escherichia coli by using a maltose binding protein vector and biochemically characterized as a ligand for both murine and human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). On murine PMN, KC is both a potent chemoattractant and up-regulator(More)
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a product of the 5-lipoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism. LTB4 is a potent chemotactic factor for neutrophils and has been postulated to play an important role in a variety of pathological conditions including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriasis, and inflammatory bowel disease. The role of LTB4 in such diseases has(More)
Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase associated with the common gamma chain, an integral component of cytokine receptors of the interleukin (IL)-2 family, including IL-4, -7, -9, -15, and -21. CP-690550 is a JAK3 inhibitor with immunosuppressive properties under development for transplantation. We evaluated alterations in circulating(More)
JAK-3 has been shown to play a key role in cytokine signaling via gammac, e.g. IL-2, 4, 7, 9, 15, 21. The current study describes the immunosuppressive effects of CP-690550, a novel, small molecule inhibitor of JAK-3, in various murine models. In vitro, CP-690550 effectively inhibited a murine mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) (IC50= 91 nm). Mice chronically(More)