Marylène Poirié

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Little is known of the fate of viruses involved in long-term obligatory associations with eukaryotes. For example, many species of parasitoid wasps have symbiotic viruses to manipulate host defenses and to allow development of parasitoid larvae. The complete nucleotide sequence of the DNA enclosed in the virus particles injected by a parasitoid wasp(More)
In several Hymenoptera, sexual fate is determined by the allelic composition at the complementary sex-determiner locus, a sex-determination mechanism that can strongly affect population dynamics. To date, the molecular identification of complementary sex determiner has only been achieved in the honeybee, where the complementary sex-determiner gene was(More)
The relationship between parasitic wasps and bracoviruses constitutes one of the few known mutualisms between viruses and eukaryotes. The virions produced in the wasp ovaries are injected into host lepidopteran larvae, where virus genes are expressed, allowing successful development of the parasite by inducing host immune suppression and developmental(More)
To protect its eggs, the endoparasitoid wasp Leptopilina boulardi injects immune suppressive factors into Drosophila melanogaster host larvae. These factors are localized in the female long gland and reservoir. We analyzed the protein content of these tissues and found that it strongly differed between virulent and avirulent parasitoid strains. Four protein(More)
Two classes of glutathione transferases have been identified and purified from Musca domestica. The first, designated as GST1, migrates as a single band of 28 kDa in SDS-gel electrophoresis, and the second, designated as GST2, migrates as a 32-kDa band. Antisera prepared against each class have no immunological cross-reactivity, and heterodimeric(More)
Polydnaviruses, obligatorily associated with endoparasitoid wasps, are unique in that their segmented genome is composed of multiple double-stranded DNA circles. We present here the first cytological evidence that virus segments are integrated in the wasp genome, obtained by using in situ hybridization of virus probes with viral sequences in the chromosomes(More)
Parasitic wasps constitute one of the largest group of venomous animals. Although some physiological effects of their venoms are well documented, relatively little is known at the molecular level on the protein composition of these secretions. To identify the majority of the venom proteins of the endoparasitoid wasp Chelonus inanitus (Hymenoptera:(More)
Two new highly active esterases were detected by starch electrophoretic studies inCulex pipiens mosquitoes from the area of Montpellier (France) and from Cyprus. We demonstrate here that both the French and the Cyprus esterases B are overproduced due to amplification of the coding gene. The production of the esterase B is approximately 50- and 500-fold(More)
Variations observed in parasite virulence and host resistance may be the outcome of coevolutionary processes. Recent theoretical developments have led to a 'geographic mosaic theory' of coevolution according to which there are some localities where reciprocal selection occurs (hot spots) and others where it is strongly reduced (cold spots). Studies of(More)
This review summarizes and compares available data on genetic and molecular aspects of resistance in four well-described invertebrate host-parasite systems: snail-schistosome, mosquito-malaria, mosquito-filarial worm, and Drosophila-wasp associations. It underlies that the major components of the immune reaction, such as hemocyte proliferation and/or(More)