Marylène Mougel

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During these last years, a powerful methodology has been developed to study the secondary and tertiary structure of RNA molecules either free or engaged in complex with proteins. This method allows to test the reactivity of every nucleotide towards chemical or enzymatic probes. The detection of the modified nucleotides and RNase cleavages can be conducted(More)
In addition to genomic RNA, HIV-1 particles package cellular and spliced viral RNAs. In order to determine the encapsidation mechanisms of these RNAs, we determined the packaging efficiencies and specificities of genomic RNA, singly and fully spliced HIV mRNAs and different host RNAs species: 7SL RNA, U6 snRNA and GAPDH mRNA using RT-QPCR. Except GAPDH(More)
The viral genomes of alpha- and gamma-retroviruses follow an outbound route through the cytoplasm before assembling with the budding particle at the plasma membrane. We show here that murine leukemia virus (MLV) RNAs are transported on lysosomes and transferrin-positive endosomes. Transport on transferrin-positive vesicles requires both Gag and Env(More)
Dimerization is a unique and vital characteristic of retroviral genomes. It is commonly accepted that genomic RNA (gRNA) must be dimeric at the plasma membrane of the infected cells to be packaged during virus assembly. However, where, when and how HIV-1 gRNA find each other and dimerize in the cell are long-standing questions that cannot be answered using(More)
The regulatory site of ribosomal protein S15 has been located in the 5' non-coding region of the messenger, overlapping with the ribosome loading site. The conformation of an in vitro synthesized mRNA fragment, covering the 105 nucleotides upstream from the initiation codon and the four first codons of protein S15, has been monitored using chemical probes(More)
HIV-1 particles contain RNA species other than the unspliced viral RNA genome. For instance, viral spliced RNAs and host 7SL and U6 RNAs are natural components that are non-randomly incorporated. To understand the mechanism of packaging selectivity, we analyzed the content of a large panel of HIV-1 variants mutated either in the 5'UTR structures of the(More)
The HIV-1 nucleocapsid protein (NC) is formed of two CCHC zinc fingers flanked by highly basic regions. HIV-1 NC plays key roles in virus structure and replication via its nucleic acid binding and chaperoning properties. In fact, NC controls proviral DNA synthesis by reverse transcriptase (RT), gRNA dimerization and packaging, and virion assembly. We(More)
HIV-1, the agent of the AIDS pandemic, is an RNA virus that reverse transcribes its RNA genome (gRNA) into DNA, shortly after its entry into cells. Within cells, retroviral assembly requires thousands of structural Gag proteins and two copies of gRNA as well as cellular factors, which converge to the plasma membrane in a finely regulated timeline. In this(More)
The initiation factor IF3 is platinated with trans-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) and cross-linked to Escherichia coli 30S ribosomal subunit. Two cross-linking sites are unambiguously identified on the 16S rRNA: a major one, in the region 819-859 in the central domain, and a minor one, in the region 1506-1529 in the 3'-terminal domain. Specific features of(More)
Replication of simple retroviruses depends on the recruitment of a single large primary transcript toward splicing, transport/packaging and translation regulations. In this respect, we studied the novel SD' 4.4 kb RNA of murine leukemia retroviruses (MLV) which results from alternative splicing of the primary transcript. We showed that SD' RNA was required(More)