Marylène Lecocq

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RATIONALE The generation of protective secretory IgA relies on the epithelial polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR). pIgR expression is reduced in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but correlation to disease severity and underlying mechanisms remains unknown. OBJECTIVES To address the hypothesis that pIgR down-regulation in COPD concerns(More)
Despite their relevance to mucosal defense, production of IgA and the function of lung B-cells remain unknown in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We assessed IgA synthesis in the lungs of COPD (n=28) and control (n=21) patients, and regulation of B-cells co-cultured with in vitro-reconstituted airway epithelium. In COPD lung tissue, synthesis(More)
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), epithelial changes and subepithelial fibrosis are salient features in conducting airways. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been recently suggested in COPD, but the mechanisms and relationship to peribronchial fibrosis remain unclear. We hypothesised that de-differentiation of the COPD(More)
We showed that IgA induces IL-10 in monocytes and dendritic cells. Because reciprocal inhibition exists between IL-10 and IL-12, we explored whether IgA could regulate this other immunoregulatory cytokine. In human monocytes and monocyte-derived dendritic cells preincubated with IFN-γ before stimulation by LPS, suppression of p40 and IL-12p70 production was(More)
RATIONALE There is evidence that CD4(+) effector T lymphocytes (T eff) participate in the development of lung fibrosis, but the role of their CD4(+) regulatory T-cell (T reg) counterparts remains to be determined. OBJECTIVES To elucidate the contribution of T reg cells in a mouse model of lung fibrosis induced by silica (SiO(2)) particles. METHODS Lung(More)
Background Transcytosis of immunoglobulin A (IgA) through polarized bronchial and sinonasal epithelial cells is mediated by the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR), which represents the rate-limiting factor for this frontline protective mechanism in the airways. pIgR expression is decreased in COPD, lung cancer and nasopharyngeal carcinoma, while its(More)
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