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This article discusses the treatment of spasticity with botulinum toxin A as a new approach in the neurological rehabilitation of patients after stroke. Clinical studies have been reviewed to provide information about target groups, technical aspects and the advantages and disadvantages of treating spasticity with botulinum toxin A. Open and controlled(More)
An apparatus was developed to study social reinforcement in the rat. Four Long-Evans female rats were trained to press a lever via shaping, with the reinforcer being access to a castrated male rat. Responding under a fixed-ratio schedule and in extinction was also observed. Social access was found to be an effective reinforcer. When social reinforcement was(More)
Data concerning genetic factors that may influence the risk of primary intracerebral hemorrhage (PICH) are scarce. One previous study, indicated that the carriers of the (-323)Ins allele of the coagulation factor VII (FVII) have an increased risk of PICH. Another recent study, tested the effect of apolipoprotein E. We analyzed, whether the (-401)G --> T(More)
BACKGROUND Amino terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a sensitive marker of ventricular dysfunction. Exercise causes an increase in the secretion of NTproBNP, and with myocardial ischaemia the increase is more pronounced. This increase has been found to improve the diagnostic sensitivity of the stress ECG in diagnosing myocardial ischaemia(More)
UNLABELLED Overexpression of plasma cell membrane glycoprotein-1 (PC-1) inhibits insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity and thus favours insulin resistance and atherosclerotic vascular disease. Recent findings indicate that the minor variant K121Q in the PC-1 gene confers an increased risk for early myocardial infarction independent of other established(More)
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