Marybeth Daucher

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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease is associated with loss of CD4(+) T cells, chronic immune activation, and progressive immune dysfunction. HIV-specific responses, particularly those of CD4(+) T cells, become impaired early after infection, before the loss of responses directed against other antigens; the basis for this diminution has not been(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells play a central role in host defense against various pathogens. Functional defects of NK cells in HIV-1 infection as a direct effect of abnormal expression or function of inhibitory NK receptors (iNKRs), activating natural cytotoxicity receptors (NCRs), and NKG2D have not yet been described. This study demonstrates an expansion of(More)
Certain HIV-encoded proteins modify host-cell gene expression in a manner that facilitates viral replication. These activities may contribute to low-level viral replication in nonproliferating cells. Through the use of oligonucleotide microarrays and high-throughput Western blotting we demonstrate that one of these proteins, gp120, induces the expression of(More)
The persistence of latently infected, resting CD4+ T cells is considered to be a major obstacle in preventing the eradication of HIV-1 even in patients who have received effective antiviral therapy for an average duration of 5 years. Although previous studies have suggested that the latent HIV reservoir in the resting CD4+ T cell compartment is(More)
Although continuous highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is effective for many HIV-infected patients, it can be toxic and prohibitive in cost. By decreasing the total amount of time patients receive medications, intermittent HAART could reduce toxicity and cost. Therefore, we initiated a pilot study in which 10 HIV-infected individuals receiving(More)
UNLABELLED Coinfection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is present in one-third of all human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals in the United States and is associated with rapid progression of liver fibrosis and poor response to pegylated interferon (IFN) and ribavirin. In this study we examined gene expression profiles in peripheral blood(More)
Intermittent interleukin-2 (IL-2) therapy can substantially increase CD4+ T cell counts of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected subjects. Administration of IL-2 led to transient up-regulation of CCR5 on CD4+ T cells; up to 87% of CD4+ cells expressed CCR5 after a 5-day cycle, with return to baseline levels within 2 weeks. Unlike in vitro studies,(More)
OBJECTIVE Increasing evidence suggests that miRNAs have a profound impact on host defense to Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and clinical outcome of standard HCV therapy. In this study, we investigated modulation of miRNA expression in Huh7.5 hepatoma cells by HCV infection and in vitro interferon-αtreatment. METHODS MiRNA expression profiling was(More)
The replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in CD4+ T-cells is strongly dependent upon the state of activation of infected cells. Infection of sub-optimally activated cells is believed to play a critical role in both the transmission of virus and the persistence of CD4+ T-cell reservoirs. There is accumulating evidence that HIV can modulate(More)
Polymorphisms in the coding sequences of CCR5 and CXCR4 were studied in a group of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected long-term nonprogressors. Two different point mutations were found in the CXCR4 coding sequence. One of these CXCR4 mutations was silent, and each was unique to two nonprogressors. The well-described 32-bp deletion within the CCR5(More)