Marybeth Brown

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OBJECTIVES Although deficits in skeletal muscle strength, gait, balance, and oxygen uptake are potentially reversible causes of frailty, the efficacy of exercise in reversing frailty in community-dwelling older adults has not been proven. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of intensive exercise training (ET) on measures of physical frailty(More)
CONTEXT Hip fractures are common in the elderly, and despite standard rehabilitation, many patients fail to regain their prefracture ambulatory or functional status. OBJECTIVE To determine whether extended outpatient rehabilitation that includes progressive resistance training improves physical function and reduces disability compared with low-intensity(More)
BACKGROUND Progressive resistance exercise training (PRT) has been shown to increase muscle strength and fat-free mass (FFM) in elderly persons. Limited information is available regarding the effects of PRT on lean and fat mass in frail elderly persons. METHODS Ninety-one community-dwelling sedentary men and women, 78 years and older with physical frailty(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether exercise training added to ongoing hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases bone mineral density (BMD) in physically frail elderly women. DESIGN Prospective controlled trial. SETTING University-based research center. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-eight women on HRT, aged 75 and older with physical frailty. INTERVENTIONS(More)
Estrogen (E2) is reported to regulate skeletal muscle mass and contractile function; whether E2 exerts its effects through estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) or -beta (ERbeta) is unclear. We determined the effect of ERalpha or ERbeta elimination on muscle mass and contractile function in multiple muscles of the lower limb, muscles with different locomotor(More)
Both estrogen and testosterone are present in males and females. Both hormones contribute to the well being of skeletal muscle and bone in men and women, and there is evidence that the loss of sex hormones is associated with the age-related decline in bone and skeletal muscle mass. Hormonal supplementation of older adults to restore estrogen and(More)
Peak absolute force, specific tension (peak absolute force per cross-sectional area), cross-sectional area, maximal unloaded shortening velocity (Vo; determined by the slack test), and myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform compositions were determined in 124 single skeletal fibers from the soleus muscle of 12-, 24-, 30-, 36-, and 37-mo-old Fischer 344 Brown(More)
To determine rehabilitation exercise program effects under hormone deficient (ovariectomy or OVX) and hormone supplemented [OVX + 17-beta estradiol (E2)] conditions. Mature female rats (n = 123) were assigned to OVX or OVX + E2-supplemented groups. OVX and OVX + E2 groups were allocated to one of four conditions: (1) control, (2) hindlimb unweighted (HLU)(More)
Absence of functional myostatin (MSTN) during fetal development results in adult skeletal muscle hypertrophy and hyperplasia. To more fully characterize MSTN loss in hindlimb muscles, the morphology and contractile function of the soleus, plantaris, gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior, and quadriceps muscles in male and female null (Mstn(-/-)), heterozygous(More)
The purpose of the present study was to partially phenotype male and female rats from generations 8-10 (G8-G10) that had been selectively bred to possess low (LVR) vs. high voluntary running (HVR) behavior. Over the first 6 days with wheels, 34-day-old G8 male and female LVRs ran shorter distances (P < 0.001), spent less time running (P < 0.001), and ran(More)