Maryanne R Hughes

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Three processes central to osmoregulation of marine birds were compared in three species of ducks that differ in habitat affinity, diet and saline tolerance. These processes are filtration of Na+ and water from the plasma by the kidneys, their reabsorption along the renal tubules, and secretion by the salt glands. Barrow's goldeneyes Bucephala islandica,(More)
Effects of ingested cadmium (Cd) on body mass and plasma, urine, salt-gland secretion, and osmoregulatory hormone concentrations were assessed in male and female Pekin ducks, Anas platyrhynchos, acclimated to 450 mM NaCl over 6 wk and then held an additional 13 wk on 300 mM NaCl (prolonged saline exposure). Groups of six birds ate diets containing 0(More)
  • M R Hughes
  • 2003
Marine birds can drink seawater because their cephalic 'salt' glands secrete a sodium chloride (NaCl) solution more concentrated than seawater. Salt gland secretion generates osmotically free water that sustains their other physiological processes. Acclimation to saline induces interstitial water and Na move into cells. When the bird drinks seawater, Na(More)
The physiological regulation of body water volume and concentration was evaluated in Pekin ducks, Anas platyrhynchos, slowly acclimated to increasingly saline drinking water (six equal 75 mM NaCl increments). Body mass, total body water (TBW), water flux, plasma osmolality (Osm(pl)), and ionic and osmoregulatory hormone concentrations were measured at the(More)
This study examined the effects of simultaneous exposure to saline and cadmium (Cd) on organ mass and histology of a bird with salt glands, the Pekin duck, Anas platyrhynchos. Three mixed-sex groups, each containing 6 birds, ate duck pellets containing 0, 50, or 300 microg Cd/g, respectively, for 4 1/2 mo and drank 300 mM NaCl. Only females on the high-Cd(More)
Melatonin (MT) inhibits salt gland secretion of Pekin ducks [Ching, A.C.T., Hughes, M.R., Poon, A.M.S., Pang, S.F., 1999. Melatonin receptors and melatonin inhibition of duck salt gland secretion. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 116, 229-240]. The present study examined simultaneous diurnal changes in plasma concentrations of MT and four osmoregulatory hormones of(More)
Sodium toxicity was suspected in hand-reared great blue heron (Ardea herodias) chicks fed herring frozen in brine (seawater). Affected chicks were lethargic with stiff legs that extended to the posterior, and breathing was labored. Chicks regurgitated food or refused to eat. All chicks that were fed herring exclusively and eight of the 10 chicks fed a mixed(More)
Most of the NaCl ingested by marine birds is reabsorbed from renal filtrate and excreted by the cephalic salt glands as a hypertonic NaCl secretion (SGS). Ducks have salt glands and their kidney cells have melatonin receptors. Melatonin affects glomerular filtration rate and tubular uptake of sodium (Na(+)) in mammals. We hypothesized that (1) duck salt(More)
Hematocrit (Hct) and plasma ionic and osmotic concentrations were measured in Pekin Ducks, Anas platyrhynchos, drinking freshwater (FW), during rapid acclimation to sea water (RA), and after 6 mo exposure to 180-mM NaCl (SW). Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) were measured in FW and SW ducks. Estimated renal plasma flow(More)