Maryana M. Belokon

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Swiss stone pine Pinus cembra L. is a species with fragmented range, occurring in the Alpine-East Carpathian mountain system. Seeds of P. cembra are dispersed by nutcrackers, which offers potential possibilities for gene exchange among populations. Using isozyme analysis, we have examined five samples from two parts of the Swiss stone pine range: the Alps(More)
Siberian dwarf pine, or Japanese stone pine, Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel is widespread in eastern Siberia and the Russian Far East; the species is bird-dispersed and has a unique crawling or shrub living form. A mixed mating system (predominant outcrossing with self-pollination and matings of close relatives) leads to the formation of partly inbred progenies(More)
Aspen Populus tremula L. (Salicaceae) is the fast-growing tree species of environmental and economic value. Aspen is capable of reproduction by both seeds and vegetative means, forming root sprouts. In an adult stand, identification of ramets of one clone among the trees of seed origin based on their morphology is difficult. A panel of 14 microsatellite(More)
Testing systems for molecular identification of micropropagated elite aspen (Populus tremula L.) genotypes were developed on the base on microsatellite (SSR) loci. Out of 33 tested microsatellite loci, 14 were selected due to sustainable PCR amplification and substantial variability in elite clones of aspen aimed for establishment of fast-rotated forest(More)
Using bush snail Bradybaena fruticum Mull (20 populations) as a model, we were the first in Russia and in the world to develop a system of urban ecological genetic monitoring of the gene pool of an invertebrate species. The results of isozyme polymorphism studies in bush snail populations showed a dramatic (up to 70%) reduction in genetic diversity in small(More)
The genetic diversity of SSR markers was studied in six populations of Siberian larch, two popu-lations of Gmelin larch, and four populations of Cajander larch. Seven pairs of nuclear microsatellite loci were used for this analysis. 103 allelic variants were detected in 365 individuals of three species of larch. According to the AMOVA results, the(More)
A system of urban ecological genetic monitoring of vertebrates has been developed for the first time in Russia and in the world. As a model, two species of brown frogs, Rana arvalis Nilss. and R. temporaria L. (16 populations, seven isozyme loci) were used. An evaluation of the gene pool state in urban frog populations has shown that the diversity in the(More)
The methodological, theoretical, and practical substantiation of genourbanology (the synthesis of population genetics and system ecology), a new independent promising scientific and practical direction, is given. Three conditions that are necessary and sufficient for distinguishing this scientific field were determined. The objective of genourbanology is to(More)
Allozyme variation in natural populations of basidiomycete fungus Pleurotus ostreatus (88 individuals) from three regions of central Russia was studied. The species was shown to have 92.86% of polymorphic allozyme loci and expected heterozygosity H e = 0.49. The mean number of alleles per locus was 3.5. The genetic differences among populations were(More)
A comparative analysis of the gene pool state in natural populations and planted stands of Norway spruce and the degree of their infestation by the bark beetle in the Moscow region was conducted taking into account the dynamic state of communities (4 populations, 148 samples, 24 isoenzyme loci). The degree of infestation by the bark beetle of conditionally(More)