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We provide new insights that link compensation structure terms to credit spreads by modeling the dynamic risk choice of a risk-averse manager paid with performance insensitive pay (cash) and performance sensitive pay (stock). The model predicts that credit spreads are increasing in the ratio of cash-to-stock. When the manager is flexible to choose debt(More)
Introduction Klebsiella pneumoniae is an opportunistic pathogen that causes a significant proportion of community and hospital acquired infections including urinary tract, pneumonia, septicemia and soft tissue infections (1). Extended-spectrum ß-lactam antibiotics have been widely used for treatment of serious Gram-negative infections since the 1980s.(More)
With the increasing availability of aphid genomic data, it is necessary to develop robust functional validation methods to evaluate the role of specific aphid genes. This work represents the first study in which five different techniques, all based on RNA interference and on oral acquisition of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), were developed to silence two(More)
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