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Although the disease was first described in the hip, reports of chondrolysis in nearly all diarthrodial joints have since emerged with considerable variations in the literature.Despite speculation among clinicians and researchers about the implicit causal pathways and etiologic contributors associated with chondrolysis, definitive answers remain elusive.The(More)
PURPOSE This systematic review provides (1) a synthesis of existing clinical evidence that helps identify factors associated with the development of glenohumeral chondrolysis after arthroscopy (PAGCL), (2) a consolidated conceptualization of potential causal pathways that elucidate proposed mechanisms leading to PAGCL, and (3) a summary of implications for(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess maternal risk factors potentially influencing vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1), including maternal CD4 cell count; presence of immune complex dissociated (ICD) p24 antigen; maternal zidovudine therapy during pregnancy and/or delivery; complications of pregnancy, such as preterm labor and birth; and(More)
The prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has reached epidemic proportions among U.S. veterans, many of whom also have concurrent alcohol use disorder. This case report describes improvements in PTSD symptom severity and memory dysfunction in a combat-exposed veteran with persistent PTSD and alcohol use disorder following two treatments of(More)
Introduction Physical pain and psychological suffering are intimately connected. Therefore, it may not be surprising that as far back as 1947 a procedure that is normally used to treat pain, stellate ganglion block (SGB), was also reported to improve symptoms of psychological depression [1]. More recently, SGB has been shown to be helpful in the treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE This retrospective cohort study compared exacerbations, health services utilization, and costs among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients who received nebulized arformoterol or nebulized formoterol therapy. METHODS Using PharMetrics Plus health plan claims, 417 nebulized long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) users meeting the study(More)
OBJECTIVE This review examined the diagnostic approach, surgical treatment, and outcomes of cervical sympathetic chain schwannomas (CSCS) to guide clinical decision making. DATA SOURCES Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. REVIEW METHODS A literature review from 1998 to 2013 identified 156 articles of which 51 representing 89 CSCS cases were(More)
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