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Treatment of purified preparations of Na,K-ATPase by phospholipase A2 has led to the formation of two-dimensional crystals of the protein. Control tests with another phospholipase and two detergents have shown that crystallization occurs as the result of hydrolysis and/or solubilization of the phospholipids in the enzyme vesicles. Experimentation with(More)
In this paper the assumption of cognitive overhead in hypermedia learning is specified by cogni-tive load theory. This analysis is based on different types of cognitive load, the dimension of linear-ity/non-linearity as well as text characteristics. We propose a model stating that extraneous cognitive load in hypermedia learning is basically determined by(More)
The structure of Na,K-ATPase has been studied by electron microscopy and image reconstruction. A three-dimensional structure of this enzyme has been obtained to an overall resolution of 2.5 nm using data from specimens of negatively stained dimer sheets tilted through a range of angles +/- 60 degrees. The reconstruction shows a complex mass distribution(More)
The transmembrane folding of the alpha subunit of Na,K-ATPase was studied by using immunoelectron microscopy to determine whether monoclonal antibodies with defined epitopes bind to the extracellular or cytoplasmic surface. In double labeling experiments, an antibody and a reference marker were bound to purified membrane-associated Na,K-ATPase and were(More)
The orientation and relative positions of all 240 hexons in the icosahedral outer capsid of adenovirus have been determined. Two types of capsid fragments, obtained after selective disruption of the virion, were analyzed using electron microscopy and image-processing techniques. Planar inverted groups-of-nine, arising from the central region of the capsid(More)
(Na+,K+)-ATPase was studied by electron microscopy and image processing of negatively stained and freeze-dried and shadowed crystalline sheets induced by a number of inorganic salts. Extensive experiments have identified new conditions for optimum crystal formation. Two crystal forms have been observed, one with a monomer and the other with a dimer, in the(More)
Two types of two-dimensional arrays of purified adenovirus type 2 hexon have been obtained and analyzed by Fourier filtration of their electron micrographs. One array contained continuously close-packed hexons, distributed on a hexagonal p3 lattice, with a unit cell dimension of 94 +/- 2 A. The other array contained close-packed hexons with a regular(More)
  • M Mohraz
  • 1999
Very pure, detergent-solubilized Na,K-ATPase from dog or lamb kidneys has been successfully reconstituted at high protein-to-lipid weight ratios. Studies have been conducted to establish the orientation of the Na,K-ATPase molecules in the reconstituted membranes and to assess the functional activity and the conformational state of the reconstituted enzyme.(More)
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