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Scripting has become an integral part of design work in Computer-Aided Design (CAD), especially with parametric systems. Designers who script face a very steep learning and use curve due to the new (to them) script notation and the loss of direct manipulation of the model. Programming In the Model (PIM) is a prototype parametric CAD system with a live(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been shown to display anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. This study was designed to investigate the gastroprotective effect of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) on gastric mucosal lesions induced by ischemia–reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats and to determine the possible mechanism involved. Fifty-sex male Wistar rats were(More)
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of chitosan molecular weight on size, size distribution, release rate, mucoadhesive properties and electrostatic bonding of alginate/chitosan microparticles containing prednisolone Methods: Three mucoadhesive alginate/chitosan microparticle formulations, f1, f2 and f3, were prepared using(More)
Caesarean delivery in the absence of any medical indications has become a major issue of concern among the women’s health professionals. The patients’ choice of caesarean is influenced by several factors predominating by their physicians’ suggestion. Our objective was to examine factors that may affect the physicians’ responses to patients consulting the(More)
BACKGROUND Pain, reduced grip strength, loss of range of motion, and joint stiffness, leading to impaired hand function, and difficulty with daily activities are documented symptoms of first carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis. Splinting is a common type of conservative treatment for this injury. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the(More)
The likelihood of completing suicide depends to some extent on knowledge of effective means and also on the availability and/or acceptability of such methods. Since studying suicide methods may have an implication for prevention, the focus of this study was on the most favored method of suicide in Tehran, Iran. The study uses confirmed suicide data provided(More)
Although the Discrete EVent System specification (DEVS) has over recent decades provided systems engineers with a scalable approach to modeling and simulation, the formalism has seen little uptake in many other disciplines where it could be equally useful. Our observations of end-user programmers confronted with DEVS theory or software suggest that learning(More)
Soil physical and chemical properties and some quantitative characteristics of Populus deltoides Marsh (clone 79.51) plantations and relationships between them were evaluated in Guilan plain of north of Iran. Two same aged poplar plantations with low and high qualities were selected. In each poplar plantation, fifteen sample plots with systematic sampling(More)
Background: Renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (RIRI) is the most common cause of acute kidney injury. We tested the protective role of endothelin‑1 receptor blocker; bosentan (BOS) in animal model of RIRI in two different genders. Methods: Male and female Wistar rats were assigned as sham operated (sham), control group (ischemia), and case group (ischemia +(More)
BACKGROUND Knee osteoarthritis is a musculoskeletal condition which is most prevalent in the medial compartment. This injury causes considerable pain, disability, and negative changes in kinetic and kinematic parameters. The efficiency of unloader valgus brace as a conservative treatment for medial knee osteoarthritis is not well documented. OBJECTIVES(More)