Maryam Gholami

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Human cystic echinococcosis (HCE), a zoonotic infection of the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus, has high effect on public health in human population all around the world. Iran is one of the most important endemic areas in the Middle East. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the seroprevalence of HCE in Iranian(More)
PURPOSE Medication nonadherence is one of the most important reasons for treatment failure in patients with epilepsy. The present study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention to improve adherence to antiepileptic drug (AED) medication in patients with epilepsy. METHODS In a prospective, randomized multicenter trial, three sessions(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The roles of self-efficacy and self-monitoring as proximal predictors of dental flossing frequency are studied in the context of an oral health intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS A study among 287 university students, aged 19 to 26 years, compared an intervention group that received a brief self-regulatory treatment, with a passive and(More)
The increasing prevalence of childhood overweight makes children an important target for health promotion programmes. An intervention was designed for mothers to provide more vegetables to their daughters' diet. A randomized controlled trial compared a self-regulation condition with a control condition in 155 mothers aged 25-50 years. Dependent variable was(More)
The study examined whether a dietary planning intervention would help increase fruit consumption among Iranian women focusing on self-regulatory mechanisms in behavior change. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare a planning intervention with a control condition in 165 Iranian women (aged 17-48years). Dependent variable was fruit intake, and(More)
The antioxidant activities of the methanolic extracts of 9 Salvia species and 15 other Lamiaceae plants growing in Iran were evaluated using ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assays. FRAP values ranged form 8.5 to 79.0 microM quercetin equivalents/g dry weight, and IC50 values in the(More)
A sequential intervention to facilitate the adoption and maintenance of dental flossing was conducted among 205 students in India, aged 18-26 years. Two experimental groups received different treatment sequences and were observed at three assessment points, 34 days apart. One group received first a motivational intervention (intention, outcome expectancies,(More)
3-Hydroxypyridine-4-one derivatives have shown good inhibitory activity against bacterial strains. In this work we report the application of MOLMAP descriptors based on empirical physicochemical properties with genetic algorithm partial least squares (GA-PLS) and counter propagation artificial neural networks (CP-ANN) methods to propose some novel(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a planning intervention (specifying when, where, and how to act) and an implementation intention intervention (specifying the same in the format of an if-then plan) in increasing self-reported brushing in adolescents. METHODS The study adopted a cluster randomized controlled trial(More)