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Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging is associated with adverse events in adults with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). However, limited data exist on the extent and clinical significance of LGE in the pediatric population. In 30 patients (aged 14.1±3.2 years) with clinically diagnosed HC who underwent(More)
Vascular rings and pulmonary artery slings are rare congenital anomalies that often present with symptoms of tracheal and esophageal compression. These can involve the aortic arch branches and pulmonary arteries, respectively. This review illustrates the current role of MR imaging, highlights its advantages, and provides insight into the diagnosis of these(More)
No guidelines are in place for the follow-up and management of pulmonary nodules that are incidentally detected on CT in the pediatric population. The Fleischner guidelines, which were developed for the older adult population, do not apply to children. This review summarizes the evidence collected by the Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR) Thoracic(More)
With increasing use of pediatric cardiovascular MRI, it is important for all imagers to become familiar with the spectrum of non-cardiovascular imaging findings that can be encountered. This study aims to ascertain the prevalence and nature of these findings in pediatric cardiovascular MRIs performed at our institution. We retrospectively evaluated reports(More)
Patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) have abnormal aortic properties. It is not known if this increases the risk for aneurysm formation. We sought to identify clinical and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging patient characteristics associated with worsened aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and aortic strain in patients with repaired TOF. In(More)
A compartmental approach to the diagnosis of the mediastinal masses in children and adults has been widely used to facilitate the diagnosis and planning of diagnostic interventions and surgical treatment for many years. Recently, a new computed tomography-based mediastinal division scheme, approved by the International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group, has(More)
Crohn disease is a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disorder that most commonly affects the gastrointestinal tract, particularly the distal small bowel and colon. While certain extraintestinal manifestations of Crohn disease are relatively common and well-known, others, such as metastatic cutaneous involvement, are quite rare and may be difficult to(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) printing offers the potential for rapid customization of medical devices. The advent of 3D-printable biomaterials has created the potential for device control in the fourth dimension: 3D-printed objects that exhibit a designed shape change under tissue growth and resorption conditions over time. Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is a(More)
MR imaging of thoracic veins is performed to evaluate the heart and thoracic vasculature. The protocol can be customized to the clinical question. In the embryo, systemic and pulmonary vein development is closely related to heart development. Congenital anomalies of the thoracic veins are strongly associated with other cardiac and situs abnormalities.(More)