Maryam B. Yassai

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Although both natural and induced regulatory T (nTreg and iTreg) cells can enforce tolerance, the mechanisms underlying their synergistic actions have not been established. We examined the functions of nTreg and iTreg cells by adoptive transfer immunotherapy of newborn Foxp3-deficient mice. As monotherapy, only nTreg cells prevented disease lethality, but(More)
Thyroid status and neurologic, psychometric and auditory functions were evaluated in presumably normal schoolchildren aged 6 to 16 years from three areas of iodine deficiency in Iran. The subjects from each area were identified as members of groups A, B or C. In group A there were retarded growth, high prevalence of visible goiter (93%), low T4 (39%) and(More)
During thymic T cell development, CD4+CD8+ double-positive (DP) thymocytes that express functional TCR are subjected to positive or negative selection and mature into CD4 or CD8 single-positive (SP) thymocytes (Starr et al., 2003). Thymic selection also leads to the development of FoxP3+ T regulatory (T reg) cells, which play a critical role in maintaining(More)
Phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1) is an important signaling effector of T cell receptor (TCR). To investigate the role of PLCgamma1 in T cell biology, we generated and examined mice with T cell-specific deletion of PLCgamma1. We demonstrate that PLCgamma1 deficiency affects positive and negative selection, significantly reduces single-positive thymocytes(More)
The analysis of T-cell repertoires has been facilitated by the introduction of methods in which the length heterogeneity of the third complementarity region (CDR3) is used to further refine V-family-specific PCR. We call our implementation of this technique T-cell spectratyping. This method is especially important in analysis of specific expansion or(More)
The analysis of the T cell repertoires involved in local or systemic immune responses is beginning to play an important role in many clinical situations. These include autoimmunity, response to viral or bacterial superantigens, alloimmunity including allograft rejection, and tumor immunity. Here we analyze circulating T cell repertoires by determining TCR(More)
Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia induced by the human platelet alloantigen 1a (HPA1a) is characterized by generation of alloantibodies by a mother who is homozygous for the HPA1b alloantigen and almost always HLA-DRB3*0101. The disease is viewed as B cell mediated but the linkage with HLA is indicative of a role for T cells. The HPA1a and HPA1b(More)
The binding of antigenic peptide to class II MHC is mediated by hydrogen bonds between the MHC and the peptide, by salt bridges, and by hydrophobic interactions. The latter are confined to a number of deeper pockets within the peptide binding groove, and peptide side chains that interact with these pockets are referred to as anchor residues. T cell(More)
Goitre is endemic in many parts of Iran. This study was undertaken first to obtain the base line data and identify the nature of the problem and then to take measures to ameliorate it. Shahryar, an endemic area near the capital city, was selected as the pilot field. The sample size was 368 families. Sixty-six per cent of females and 54 per cent of males(More)