Maryalice Nocera

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OBJECTIVE The goal was to examine the case flow of child physical abuse prosecutions through the judicial system and to examine determinants of charges and sentencing decisions. METHODS This prospective cohort study monitored all defendants in identified cases of inflicted traumatic brain injury in North Carolina in 2000 and 2001. Victims were identified(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this work was to determine cognitive and adaptive behavioral outcomes of children with traumatic brain injury acquired before age 2 years and to compare outcomes between inflicted versus noninflicted brain injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS All North Carolina children hospitalized in an ICU for a traumatic brain injury before age 2(More)
OBJECTIVE Hospital violence is a growing concern, yet little is known about existing programs. This study compared workplace violence programs in high-risk emergency departments among a representative sample of 116 hospitals in California and 50 hospitals in New Jersey. METHODS Information was collected through interviews, a facility walk-through, and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Evidence-based medical literature is lacking about the best methods to train health care providers in disaster response. We systematically review the recent literature to report whether training interventions in disaster preparedness improve knowledge and skills in disaster response. METHODS We searched MEDLINE through PubMed, ISI Web of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the use of intracranial pressure monitors and treatments for elevated intracranial pressure in brain-injured children of <2 yrs of age and compare them with the recently published management guidelines. DESIGN Prospective, population-based study. SETTING All pediatric intensive care units in the state of North Carolina. PATIENTS(More)
Psychiatric health care providers have high rates of workplace violence victimization, yet little is known about the strategies used by facilities to reduce violence. This study compared workplace violence prevention (WVP) programs in psychiatric units and facilities in California and New Jersey. Information was collected through interviews, a facility(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess outcomes 1 year after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) among young children and to compare outcomes between children with inflicted versus noninflicted injuries. STUDY DESIGN Prospective cohort study. METHODS All North Carolina-resident children who were hospitalized between January 2000 and December 2001 in any of the state's 9(More)
BACKGROUND Violence against health care workers is a serious occupational health hazard, especially for emergency department (ED) employees. A significant degree of variability in security programs among hospital EDs is present in part due to the absence of federal legislation requiring baseline security features. Nationally, only voluntary guidelines from(More)
PURPOSE This study examines changes in violent event rates to hospital employees before and after enactment of the California Hospital Safety and Security Act in 1995. METHODS We compared pre- and post-initiative employee assault rates in California (n = 116) emergency departments and psychiatric units with those in New Jersey (n = 50), where statewide(More)
PURPOSE Worksite wellness, safety, and violence prevention programs have low penetration among small, independent businesses. This study examined barriers and strategies influencing small business participation in workplace violence prevention programs (WVPPs). APPROACH A semistructured interview guide was used in 32 telephone interviews. SETTING The(More)