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MCAM/MUC18 expression correlates with tumor thickness and metastatic potential of human melanoma cells in nude mice. Moreover, ectopic expression of MUC18 in primary cutaneous melanoma cells leads to increased tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Here we tested the effect of a fully human anti-MUC18 antibody, ABX-MA1, on angiogenesis, tumor growth, and(More)
BACKGROUND The expression level of several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including MMP-2 and MMP-9, in ovarian cancer cells is directly associated with their invasive and metastatic potentials. MMP-9 is also expressed in stromal cells adjacent to the tumor. To investigate the contribution of MMP-9 expression in stromal cells to ovarian tumor growth, we(More)
The early development of blood vessels consists of two phases, vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, which involve distinct and also overlapping molecular regulators, but the intracellular signal transduction pathways involved in these processes have not been well defined. We disrupted Map3k3 (also known as Mekk3), which encodes Mekk3, a member of the Mekk/Ste11(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is associated with tumor angiogenesis and poor prognosis in human colorectal cancer (CRC). VEGF receptor-1 (VEGFR-1 or Flt-1) is a high-affinity receptor for VEGF and is typically considered specific to endothelial cells. Here we report the expression and function of VEGFR-1 in CRC cell lines. VEGFR-1 was expressed(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1), a heterodimer comprising the oxygen-regulated subunit, HIF-1alpha, and HIF-1beta, mediates transcription of the gene for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Overexpression of HIF-1alpha is associated with tumor angiogenesis and tumor cell proliferation and invasion. We examined the effects of inhibiting(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) has recently been shown to contribute to human melanoma progression by functioning as a mitogenic and angiogenic factor. In the present study, we investigated whether targeting IL-8 by a fully human anti-IL-8 antibody (ABX-IL8) could be a potential therapeutic strategy to control angiogenesis, growth, and metastasis of melanoma. The(More)
Angiopoietin (Ang)-1 and -2 are critical regulators of embryonic and postnatal neovascularization. Ang-1 activates the endothelial cell-specific tyrosine kinase receptor Tie-2, which in turn leads to enhanced endothelial cell survival and stabilization. The effects of Ang-1 on tumor angiogenesis remain controversial; although we have previously demonstrated(More)
We determined whether the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) by human prostate cancer cells correlates with induction of angiogenesis, tumorigenicity, and production of metastasis. Low and high IL-8-producing clones were isolated from the heterogeneous PC-3 human prostate cancer cell line. The secretion of IL-8 protein correlated with transcriptional(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) and activated EGF-R by tumor-associated endothelial cells is influenced by interaction with specific growth factors in the microenvironment. Different human carcinoma cell lines expressing EGF-R with low or high levels of EGF/transforming growth(More)
Flotillin 2 (flot-2) is a highly conserved protein isolated from caveolae/lipid raft domains that tether growth factor receptors linked to signal transduction pathways. Flot-2 protein and mRNA were increased in tumorigenic and metastatic melanoma cell lines in vitro, and the immunostaining intensity increased substantially across a tissue array of(More)