Mary Z . Mays

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PURPOSE Current health literacy screening instruments for health care settings are either too long for routine use or available only in English. Our objective was to develop a quick and accurate screening test for limited literacy available in English and Spanish. METHODS We administered candidate items for the new instrument and also the Test of(More)
BACKGROUND Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) by health professionals is a key strategy for improving health care quality and patient outcomes as well as increasing professional role satisfaction. However, it is estimated that only a small percentage of nurses and other health care providers are consistently using this approach to clinical(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To compare health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) across subgroups defined by sleep disturbances and ethnicity. METHODS Men (47%) and women (53%) Sleep Heart Health Study participants age 40 and older (N = 5237) underwent overnight polysomnography and completed self-report questionnaires on symptoms of sleep disturbances. The physical(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and mental health disorders are 2 major public health problems in American adolescents, with prevalence even higher in Hispanic teens. Despite the rapidly increasing incidence and adverse health outcomes associated with overweight and mental health problems, very few intervention studies have been conducted with adolescents to improve(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The causative relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains an area of controversy. The aim of the study is to further explore the relationship between OSA and GERD in a large group of patients with OSA. METHODS One hundred thirty-six patients referred for polysomnographic studies(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare 3 pressure-reduction devices for effectiveness in prevention of heel ulcers in moderate-risk to high-risk patients. DESIGN A prospective quasi-experimental 3-group design was used. SETTING AND SUBJECTS A sample of 338 "moderate-risk to high-risk" adult inpatients, ages 18 to 97, at 2 medical centers in South Texas were studied. (More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To investigate the feasibility of an exercise program patterned after a phase II cardiac rehabilitation program to improve selected physiologic and psychological parameters of health in patients with cancer. DESIGN Prospective, repeated measures study. SETTING Two major military medical centers in the southwestern United States. (More)
AIM To examine the psychometric properties of an instrument used to evaluate the work environment of direct care nurses employed in hospital settings. BACKGROUND Healthy work environments are associated with increased retention and high-quality patient care. METHODS Items for the instrument were based on the American Association of Critical Care Nurses'(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe characteristics of health influencers (HIs) prior to training in brief tobacco cessation interventions (BI). METHODS HIs (n=910) in Arizona were recruited for a randomized controlled trial comparing training modalities. RESULTS Typically middle-aged (M=43, SD=14), non-Hispanic white (68%), female (77%), non-tobacco users (93%),(More)
Staff nurse preceptors contribute importantly to student learning and to academic program outcomes; however, academic-clinical partnerships can offer focused learning opportunities for preceptors as well. This study addressed different interest levels in evidence-based practice across clinical settings by testing the effectiveness of a workshop designed to(More)