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The repeatability of gait variables is an important consideration in the clinical use of results of quantitative gait analysis. Statistical measures were used to evaluate repeatability of kinematic, kinetic, and electromyographic data waveforms and spatiotemporal parameters of 40 normal subjects. Subjects were evaluated three times on each test day and on(More)
A simple external marker system and algorithms for computing lower extremity joint angle motion during level walking were developed and implemented on a computer-aided video motion analysis system (VICON). The concept of embedded axes and Euler rotation angles was used to define the three-dimensional joint angle motion based on a set of body surface(More)
Fourteen patients with a posterior-stabilized prosthesis in one knee and a posterior cruciate-retaining prosthesis in the contralateral knee and both scoring good or excellent on the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee scale were evaluated by isokinetic muscle testing and comprehensive gait analysis at a mean follow-up of 98 months after arthroplasty.(More)
Sixteen patients implanted with a posterior-stabilized prosthesis (Insall-Burstein PS II, Zimmer, Warsaw, IN) and 32 age-matched control subjects were evaluated by isokinetic muscle testing and comprehensive gait analysis at a mean 46 months following the index arthroplasty. The contralateral knee was normal in 13 patients and an asymptomatic total knee(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the reliability and validity of a pelvic goniometer designed to measure the pelvic tilt and hip flexion during seated posture. BACKGROUND Assessment of the seated posture requires measurement of the pelvis and hip. Determining accurate pelvic tilt and hip flexion angles during sitting is often difficult using standard techniques. A(More)
Repeatability is an important consideration for gait analysis data that are being used as an adjunct to clinical decision making. An index of repeatability may be based on a statistical criterion (variance ratio) that reflects similarity of wave forms over a number of identical cycles. The purpose of this study was to use the variance ratio to assess the(More)
A complete description of human gait requires consideration of linear and temporal gait parameters such as velocity, cadence, and stride length, as well as graphic waveforms such as limb rotations, forces, and moments at the joints and phasic activity of muscles. This results in a large number of interactive parameters, making interpretation of gait data(More)
The role of shoulder muscles during passive, active, and resistive phases of shoulder rehabilitation exercises was investigated in ten normal subjects with no history of shoulder pathology. Using the scapular plane as a reference, three-dimensional motion of the shoulder was recorded with a computer-aided motion analysis system (VICON) to determine total(More)
Eighteen patients who had Paget disease were evaluated in our gait-analysis laboratory. The results were compared with those of ten healthy age-matched control subjects in order to quantitate the biomechanical changes and to describe the specific patterns of walking that occur secondary to bowing of a lower extremity. Kinetic and kinematic data were(More)
BACKGROUND Seated posture and trunk control are important factors affecting upper extremity (UE) function of wheelchair users. A stable pelvis and trunk are required to provide a base from which UE movement occurs, but, conversely, the ability to move one's trunk and pelvis can increase functional ranges of motion. For wheelchair users, balancing sufficient(More)