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Cyclosporin A has been used in conjunction with allogeneic bone-marrow transplantation in the treatment of 23 patients--21 with acute leukaemia, 1 with chronic granulocytic leukaemia, and 1 with aplastic anaemia. The drug was given twice daily from the day before transplant. At the start of the study cyclosporin prophylaxis was stopped in 3 patients within(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation-induced arm lymphoedema is a common and distressing complication of curative treatment for early breast cancer. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO(2)) therapy promotes healing in bone rendered ischaemic by radiotherapy, and may help some soft-tissue injuries too, but is untested in arm lymphoedema. METHODS Twenty-one eligible research volunteers(More)
An investigation was undertaken to determine if the incidence of third- and fourth-degree perineal tears has changed and, if so, what the predisposing factors might be. Data were analyzed for a 50-year period (1935-1985). An increased frequency of such tears was found after 1965, when mediolateral episiotomies were replaced almost entirely by midline ones.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Treatment-induced arm lymphoedema is a common and distressing complication of curative surgery and radiotherapy for early breast cancer. A number of studies testing alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) and pentoxifylline suggest evidence of clinical regression of superficial radiation-induced fibrosis but there is only very limited evidence(More)
BACKGROUND A non-randomised phase II study suggested a therapeutic effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on arm lymphoedema following adjuvant radiotherapy for early breast cancer, justifying further investigation in a randomised trial. METHODS Fifty-eight patients with ≥ 15% increase in arm volume after supraclavicular ± axillary radiotherapy(More)
Pulmonary stretch receptors are thought to mediate the breathing frequency (bf) response to changes in pulmonary CO2. However, the location and distribution of these receptors is disputed. The purpose of this study was to determine what contribution the extrapulmonary receptors make in the pulmonary CO2 bf response. Mongrel dogs were anesthetized and placed(More)
Aging and obesity both have a significant impact on central blood pressure (BP) regulation, and previous studies indicated that changes in central redox signaling with age may affect high-fat (HF) diet-induced cardiovascular responses. Therefore, we investigated the effects of 60% HF feeding on BP regulation in young adult (5 mo) and old (26 mo) Fischer-344(More)
The effectiveness of labetalol (a combination nonselective beta and alpha-1-adrenergic receptor antagonist) in modifying hemodynamic responses associated with rapid sequence induction and tracheal intubation was evaluated. In a double-blind study, 24 ASA physical status I or II male patients scheduled for elective surgery were given either IV labetalol,(More)
Preliminary reports about patient-controlled analgesia during labor have been promising. The purpose of this investigation was to compare our experience with meperidine given intravenously by the patient versus by a nurse. Sixty-four healthy women beginning active labor (cervical dilation 3 cm) at term were randomly assigned to either self-administer a(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of age on cardiovascular responses mediated by central angiotensin II (AngII) after intracerebroventricular infusion of AngII, and during restraint stress. METHODS Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) of young (5-month-old) and old (27-month-old) male Fischer-344 x Brown-Norway rats were measured using(More)